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against的用法

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  prep.(介词)

  (1)

  So as to come into forcible contact with:

  对撞:为与…达成猛烈接触:

  waves dashing against the shore.

  拍岸的波涛

  (2)

  In a direction or course opposite to:

  逆:与某个方向或过程相反:

  row against the current.

  逆水行舟

  (3)

  In contact with so as to rest or press on:

  倚在;紧靠着:与…接触为了休息或按压:

  leaned against the tree.

  斜靠着树

  (4)

  In hostile opposition or resistance to:

  反抗;抵抗:处于敌对状况或与…相抗衡:

  struggle against fate.

  同命运抗争

  (5)

  Contrary to; opposed to:

  与…相反;对:

  against my better judgment.

  与我的判断相反

  (6)

  In contrast or comparison with the setting or background of:

  对照;对比:以…的布景或背景相对比:

  dark colors against a fair skin.

  深色衬托出白皙的肌肤

  (7)

  In preparation for; in anticipation of:

  预期;以备:为…作准备;期待着…:

  food stored against winter.

  为过冬贮备的食物

  (8)

  As a defense or safeguard from:

  预防;防御:以…为防御或保护对象:

  protection against the cold.

  预防感冒

  (9)

  To the account or debt of:

  兑换;提取:作为帐上的应收款项或作为…的借项:

  drew a check against my bank balance.

  开支票支取自己的银行结余

  (10)

  Directly opposite to; facing.

  正对着;面向

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