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英语比较级和最高级的用法归纳(2)

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  三.典型例题

  1) ---- Are you feeling ____?

  ---- Yes,I'm fine now.

  A. any well B. any better C. quite good

  D. quite better

  答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite修饰原级,well的比较级为better.

  2)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected.

  A. more B. much more C. much

  D. more much

  答案:C. much可修饰比较级,因此B,C都说得通,但easier本身已是比较级,不需more,因此C为正确答案。

  3)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school.

  A. the happiest time B. a more happier time

  C. much happiest time D. a much happier time

  答案:D。

  比较级和最高级的用法

  1. 两者相比(甲=乙),用“as+原级+as”表示

  Tom is as tall as Mike.

  2. 两者相比(甲〈 乙),用“not as(so) +原级+as”或“less than”表示

  I didn’t do my homework so(as) carefully as you.

  The picture is less attractive than that one.

  3. 两者相比(甲〉乙),用“比较级+than”表示

  Our city is more beautiful than any other city in our country.

  注意:1) 为了避免重复,在从句中常用one, that, those等词来代替前面提过的名词。

  The weather here is warmer than that of Shanghai.

  The radios made in our factory are better than those in your factory.

  2) 比较等级应注意避免和包括自己的对象比。

  比较级+than+

  any other + 单数名词

  all the other + 复数名词

  anyone else

  any of the other + 复数名词

  3 )如果形容词作定语修饰一个单数可数名词,一般将不定冠词a/an放在形容词之后。

  Our neighbour has _____ ours.

  A. as a big house as

  B. as big a house as

  C. the same big house as

  D. house the same big as

  4 )比较级前一般不用冠词,但若表示“两者中较……时”。比较级前要加定冠词。若比较级后有名词,常在比较级前加不定冠词,表示泛指。

  E.g. 他是两者中较高的一个

  He is the taller of the two.

  她唱得真动听!我可从未听过比这更好的嗓音了。

  How beautifully she sings! I have never heard a better voice.

  4. 三者或三者以上相比,表示最高级时,用“the +最高级”的结构表示,这种句式一般常有表示比较范围的介词短语。

  Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three.

  He works (the) hardest in his class.

  That was the least exciting football game I’ve ever watched.

  This hotel is the most comfortable I’ve ever stayed.

  注意:当最高级的前面无限定词the或有不定冠词a/an时,仅表示“很……,非常……”

  Monday is my busiest day.

  星期一是我很忙的一天。

  Qingdao is a most (very) beautiful coastal city.

  青岛是一个非常美丽的海滨城市。

  比较级的一些其他用法

  1 倍数表示方法

  a) 倍数+as+形容词/副词原级+ as

  b) 倍数+形容词/副词比较级+than

  c) 倍数+ the + n. + of

  This rope is three times longer than that one. (这条绳子比那条长三倍。)

  This rope is three times as long as that one. (这条绳子是那条绳子的三倍。)

  This rope is three times the length of that one. (这条绳子比那条绳子长三倍。)

  2 用形容词比较级的否定形式,从反面来表示最高级,通常译为“没有比……更……”

  No other book has a greater effect on my life.

  没有哪一本书比这本书对我的影响更大的了。

  =This book has the greatest effect on my life.

  考例: —Go for a picnic this weekend, OK?

  --_____. I love getting close to nature.

  A.I couldn’t agree more B. I’m afraid not.

  C.I believe not D.I don’t think so.

  3 more and more 越来越… …

  Our city is getting bigger and bigger.

  Our city is getting more and more beautiful.

  4 the more … the more … 越… …就越… …

  The more you study, the more you know.

  The busier the old man is, the happier he feels.

  The more intelligent students are, the more quickly they understand ideas.

  5 可用下列词来修饰形容词的比较级

  much a lot slightly a little almost far a bit still

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