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英语比较级和最高级的用法归纳(3)

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  英语比较级的变化规则

  1. 单音节以及少数双音节形容词或副词大致按以下规律变化:

  (1) 一般在形容词或副词后面直接加–er 变为比较级,加–est 变为最高级。如:

  old—older—oldest high—higher—highest

  (2) 以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,则双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-er变为比较级,加 –est 变为最高级。如:

  big—bigger—biggest thin—thinner—thinnest

  (3) 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的单词,则将改y为 i 再加-er变为比较级,加 –est 变为最高级。如:

  busy—busier—busiest heavy—heavier—heaviest

  (4) 以字母 e 结尾的单词,直接加 –r 变为比较级,加 –st 变为最高级。如:

  large—larger—largest free—freer—freest

  2. 多音节以及某些双音节形容词或副词变为比较级或最高级时,则通常在其前加more变为比较级,加 most变为最高级。如:

  important—more important—most important

  difficult—more difficult—most difficult

  useful—more useful—most useful

  3. 少数单音节单词,特别是分词形容词,须在前面加more变为比较级,(the) most变为最高级。如:

  fond—more fond—most fond

  pleased—more pleased—most pleased

  4. 有些单词的比较级或最高级有两种形式,如:

  clever—cleverer / more clever—cleverest / most clever

  able—abler / more able—ablest / most able

  narrow—narrower / more narrow—narrowest / most narrow

  形容词的比较级和最高级的特殊变化规则

  一、少数单音节词前面加 more-, most- 构成比较级和最高级tired ---- more tired , most tired fond(喜欢的) ----- more fond , mostfondglad ----- more glad , most glad bored ---- more bored , most boredpleased---- more pleased , most pleased

  二、不规则变化good /well------- better ,bestbad/badly/ill------ worse , worst many/much-------more , most little ------ less , least far ---- farther, farthest/ further , furthestold ---- older , oldest (GA)/ elder , eldest (GB)

  三、下列形容词和副词的比较级和最高级有两种形式cruel----- crueler, cruelest /more cruel , most cruel strict---- stricter , strictest /more strict , most strict often----- oftener , oftenest / more often , most often friendly------ friendlier , friendliest / more friendly , most friendlyclever----- cleverer, cleverest / more clever , most clever

  四、下列形容词和副词没有比较级和最高(即表示”最高程度”或”绝对状态”的形容词和副词没有比较级和最高级)empty , wrong , perfect , unique , extreme , excellent , favourite , true ,right , correct , extremely ...

  形容词比较等级用法

  1.没有比较对象时,用原级。 I have a new computer.

  2.两者比较,程度相同。 A+系动词+as+adj.+as+B. Our school is as beautiful as theirs.

  3.两者比较,程度不同。 A+系动词+not as+adj.+as+B. The weather here is not as hot as that in the south.

  4.A比B更… The earth is bigger than the moon.

  5.比较级前可以用much,even,still,far,a lot,a little,abit,any等修饰。 Your room is much bigger than mine. I’m alittle shorter than her.

  6.用比较级可以表示最高级含义: John is stronger than any other boy in his class.=John is stronger than any of the other boys. 两者不属于同一范畴,不能用other. Chongqing is bigger than any city in Sichuang.

  7.“比较级+and+比级” 表示“越来越…” China is becoming more and more beautiful. Days are getting longer and longer.

  8.用the+比较级,the+比较级 表示”越…就越…”. The busier he is, the happier he feels.

  9. Which/Who+is+比较级 A或B? A和B哪一个/谁更…? Which is better,this one or that one?

  形容词最高级用法

  表示三者或三者以上的人或物的比较,一个在某方面超过其他两个或多个时,用最高级,结构是 主语+系动词+the+形容词最高级+of/in短语。 This story is the most interesting of the three.

  1. one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数 它的意思是最…之一。 English is one of the most important languages in the world.

  2. which/who…+is+形容词最高级 “…最...” Which is the heaviest,the horse,the sheep or the elephant?

  3.最高级前可以用序数词 The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.


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1.英语比较级和最高级的用法归纳

2.比较级和最高级的用法

3.英语语法大全

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