学习啦【英文自我介绍】 燕欣时间：2016-09-30 09:28:04我要投稿
Blink of an eye 10 years have gone, we ushered in a new year. Summing up the work of the past year, from a personal point of view about the measurement of awareness.
Quality is the life, quality is the fundamental guarantee for enterprise development. In the fierce competition in the construction market today, how to improve the construction quality management level is every enterprise managers must think about. Factors affecting the quality of construction in all aspects. From the engineering measurement point of view, analyze the work of measuring the pay-off to ensure and improve the quality of the construction of an important role, and simply how to strengthen the management of measurement work to improve the quality of construction.
It is a very important technical work of municipal road engineering that the measuring and measuring line is an important technical work. It is inseparable from the whole process of construction, from the preparation before construction to the completion of the construction, to the final acceptance after construction. How to do a quick and good measurement of the line, is a basic technical skills and test the basic requirements.
Do the measurement before the commencement of the end
Before the start of the project, the survey and design units shall be responsible for on-site surveying and settlement according to the design documents, and the site standard point, conductor piles and crossing point piles shall be clearly identified according to the design drawings. Within the measurement of signs, must take appropriate protection measures. On the measurement of the end, it is necessary to emphasize the protection of pile position, that is, in the design unit after pile, should be timely use of brick piers or pouring cement pier and other methods to be protected, so as not to lose. These piles are generally farmland or residential areas, it is easy to be man-made destruction, and once destroyed, let the survey and design units to fill test, then delay the construction, but also increase the cost.
Midline retest and edge loft
Center line measurement is based on the alignment measurement, the road center line plane position on the ground marked in detail. It is the difference with the alignment measurement is: alignment measurement, but the intersection of the road and the straight line segment of the necessary turning point marked out, and in the midline measurement, according to the intersection and the turning point with a series of stakes will road straight Segment and curve segments are specified in detail on the ground.
The alignment survey is usually carried out by the survey and design units, and then the pile and measurement results to the construction side, the construction unit by the middle line and construction measurement.
Subgrade construction should be fully restored before the center line, according to the restoration of the pile in the road and the relevant provisions of the roadbed side of the pile. On the midline re-measurement and edge lofting, should pay attention to the following points;
One should pay attention to the distance between the intersection, the direction is consistent with the drawings; such as an engineering project has several tenders, should pay attention to the center of the adjacent tenders are closed, midline measurements should be in-depth adjacent tenders 50 ~ 100 M; attention should be paid to the center of the structure such as bridge and culvert is closed; should pay attention to the relative position of the building and other buildings and drawings are consistent. If you find problems in a timely manner to identify the reasons for the design unit.
Second, retaining pile set. It is very important to set up pile protection pile in the middle of the road, but these piles are easy to be destroyed during the construction. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out the restoration and surveying work of the middle pile during the construction of the roadbed. In order to quickly and accurately restore the center pile in the original position, must be on the road before the construction of the main control point of the pile such as the intersection point, turning point, curve control points set up retaining pile. The so-called retaining pile, is outside the scope of the construction is not easy to be destroyed where some stakes set up.According to these pile, with simple methods (such as the intersection point, range, etc.), you can quickly restore the original pile point.
Set the pile should pay attention to the following aspects: in each straight section of the road, at least three control piles to set up retaining pile, so even if there is a control pile can not be restored, the other two points can be used to restore the straight section To the original position; the intersection angle of the two direction lines as close as possible to 90 °, should not be less than 30 ° angle of intersection; retaining pile should be selected outside the scope of construction, but not too far away; Pile distance can not be too far; The retaining pile must be solid and reliable, pile to facilitate the erection of measuring instruments and observation.
Set up retaining pile of curve side. For the curve segment, because of the more difficult to determine the side of the pile, re-measuring time-consuming more, so after a precise line, the edge of the curve section of the pile pile should also be set representative pile, which can reduce Repeat the measurement, reducing the measurement workload.
Third, the laying of mileage pile. After the midline pile is fixed, it is possible to lay out the control pile of the mileage pile on this basis. Mileage pile layout principle is: in the straight section, generally arranged in every 100 meters of the entire pile of cross-section, similar to the common road construction 100 meters pile layout; in the curve section of the pile to be properly encrypted, in the curve Mileage pile can be large stakes, above the mileage mark with paint or ink station, into the road outside the scope of construction on both sides of the ground, it is best to play on each side of a . To ensure that the construction is not easy to damage the case, from the embankment edge should be as close as possible to facilitate the use, generally 1 to 2 meters.
The laying of mileage piles is not addressed in most of the surveying and setting-out sections of the Construction Manual, and is not taken into account at many sites. I found in some sites, some construction technicians in the construction survey, the determination of the distance station is a long distance from a foot a foot row over, not only a waste of time and prone to cumulative error. If the mileage stakes are not allowed, then the elevation, slope quality control is out of the question.
Third, the proofreading and additional standard point
First, the use of design units set up before the standard point should be carefully checked, close the gap may not exceed the limit, such as exceeding the allowable deviation should identify the reasons and promptly reported to the relevant departments. The design unit delivers the leveling points normally set several months ago. These points in the field can easily be man-made collision or natural subsidence due to the ground changes, so be sure to carefully review before use; Second, the standard point of additional principles: the distance is generally 150 to 200 meters, Plus transfer station for the principle. The additional standard point should be closed with the design unit to pay the standard point, such as an engineering project at several tenders, but also with the adjacent standard segment of the standard point of closure, the closure may not exceed the limit.
The position of the leveling point shall be located on a solid, non-sinking, non-touching ground or a solid building of a permanent building. Can also be installed in the protection of deep-buried wood piles or concrete piles, and make clear signs. The leveling point should be checked once a month, and the level of the spot where the movement is suspected should be checked after re-inspection.
Vertical and horizontal cross-section measurement
Through the midline re-test, side piles line and the laying of the standard point, you can measure the vertical and horizontal cross-section. The main purpose of vertical and horizontal cross-section measurement is to calculate the amount of earth, so the vertical and horizontal cross-section measurement after the end of the measurement results should be checked with the design drawings. Where the results with the original within the allowable deviation, the original results shall prevail, and only when there are significant differences with the original results, can be reported to the supervisory engineer after verification changes. It should be noted that: the work must be carried out before construction. If the measured amount of earth and the design does not conform to the supervision of the approval should also be carried out before construction.Some site excavation to the supervisor before the actual amount of earthwork and design does not match, require additional visa, but the final supervision refused.So be sure to pay attention to the timeliness of the work.
Time off quickly, blink of an eye, I went to Hengyuan company project department, has more than six months.In these days, success, failure, joy, and distress. In the leadership of the care and guidance, colleagues in the full support and help, my ability to work has been greatly improved.
From the unit, I know their own shortcomings and the direction of the effort, now in the project department engaged in the measurement of construction tests and so on. In addition to the work of the Ministry of Construction, , To learn more about my colleagues work knowledge and communication. I know that their experience and experience are inadequate, practice is also very flawed, but do not know I asked, and access to information and drawings, colleagues in the office and the leadership of the help, feel that they learned these days Many, every day is full. Now the work of these days to do a self-assessment.
1, 1, to study hard and continuously improve professional competence. At work, serious study of professional knowledge, practice and theory will be combined, continue to accumulate experience, a lot of professionals, technical staff advice, and constantly enrich themselves;
2, abide by the rules and regulations, these days, their work is not afraid of hardship, not afraid of tired, learning excellent staff approach, more to see more to listen to more questions, carefully to complete the construction test of the work tasks; , Unity of colleagues, work together, colleagues, harmonious relations, unity and fraternity, mutual help, mutual respect and understanding;
4, due to their lack of work experience in the work of the lack of practical experience, quality inspection work done inadequate, through the subsequent accumulation of learning and practice, and more to my colleagues to learn, this is my future work to make good efforts direction.
Second, the attitude in the professional, everyone has a motivated heart, I not only work for the company, working for the boss, I work for themselves, I believe they can do a very hot heart, a pair of very Hard - working hands. On the one hand I should not rigidly adhere to some things, to be good at breakthroughs, creative ideas, but also to the overall situation, the team as the most important, can not be too personal. And then later in the process of doing things to pay attention to the method, so as to make work more efficient and reduce unnecessary duplication of work, things will do better. In the professional field, I have been working in the project department of the company. With the help of my colleagues, I have gained more and more knowledge through professional efforts and work experience.
3, review these days, I seriously study the professional knowledge of road and bridge, study diligently, wholeheartedly, courteous, warm, patiently answer the problems in the work, and in practice to improve their quality and professional level, and strive to grow As a qualified Hengyuan employees. These days, let me on their own jobs and the company's advantages of resources, have a more profound understanding and understanding, which can be more quickly adapt to their jobs, give full play to their initiative, in the future work andLife, I believe that through their own efforts, in the future work, I will grow into a professional and responsible staff, to become the object of learning for others to contribute to the company. With the increase in their working days, to achieve their goals, reflecting the value of their lives, and the company grow together. I will use modest attitude and full of enthusiasm to do my job, create value for the company, with the company to look forward to a better future!
Two weeks of measurement practice, I got a more comprehensive, systematic exercise, but also learned a lot of books can not learn the knowledge and skills.
I remember the first week of internship, we are very excited, a week down we feel very relaxed, rest for two days, began measuring practice, I followed the teacher to find the control point, then everyone is still excited, that the next Of the week should also be very easy, it is not.Although a bit lucky, but we all learn a lot, only a lot of ordinary "a lot of shopping" to learn things. I like to think, like the summary, so I summed up the following points:
Grow up, to try to take some responsibility. We are born with a kind of inertia, whether individuals, or a team, if it is in an inert atmosphere, that she (people) efficiency will not be high, but if everyone has a strong sense of responsibility, Take some responsibility, then the efficiency is not only improved, and the task will be completed very well.
Infectivity is very important. In a team, in order to have a good atmosphere, the first person to put forward the idea of thinking is very important, because later people can not help but have a herd mentality. If he (she) the idea is positive, then someone will actively think of some problems. On the contrary, the whole team into a negative atmosphere. Therefore, each of us should actively think about the problem.
Think a lot. What is the internship, internship is the theoretical knowledge into their own knowledge of the process. Internship process only a lot of thinking, in order to digest a lot of knowledge, but also extends a lot of previously unknown. Teamwork, through thick and thin. This is a cliché, but in this practice have to mention, because it is everywhere, remember very clearly that many times we are on the measurement site for lunch; is that we all get up early, and then in the cold Whiz in the operation, everyone in the trembling; we are carrying the instrument touched the black home. All this bitter and happy, we all bear together. Through thick and thin, we are happy! Learn to compromise. Compromise is the highest art, in the process of cooperation, inevitably there will be some conflicts, then we need to calm down to think about the solution to the problem, everyone has done some concessions, then things are easy to solve.Do the most "humble" work, tree arrogant self-esteem. A good team, everyone needs a little hard work, not afraid of dirty, not afraid of tired, rather than pushing three or four. Only everyone is actively doing everything, in order to achieve the purpose of the internship, so that everyone is familiar with every aspect.
To calm. Whether doing things or a man, we should learn to calmly face. Remember half of the picture, the teacher pointed out that we are wrong method of mapping, we have thought would be wrong; remember the distance with a tape measure we have thought about measuring only once. But in the end we did not do, now think of it, this is right! Frankly, is what we want life.
Internship is completed, the internship is the most unforgettable day of my life, very afraid of the beginning, and now want to come, the day is over, and can get good interns, so get a revelation: no matter what difficulties,Do not lose confidence in yourself.