学习啦【人际交往】 编辑：雪锦 发布时间：2016-09-28 15:10:09
一. Greetings/ Hellos 问好篇
As most of you have probably learnt, the most commonly taught way to greet someone is
-“Hi, How are you?”
-“Fine thanks, and you?”
-“Good, thanks for asking.”
This phrase is 100% correct, and probably used 100% of the time by English learners. But doesn’t that get a little boring after a while? If you want to diversify your greetings a little bit, and make it sound more fluent, leave those text books in the classroom, there is another way. How does this sound.
-“Hey buddy! What have you been UP TO?”
-“Oh hey Dude! Not too much, just working and hanging out with my girlfriend.”
That sounds a lot more natural right? So, what does UP TO mean?
这听起是不是自然多了?那么， UP TO是什么意思呢?
The expression up to is a synonym of do. We use this in spoken English because as it’s more of an informal expression. When I greet someone with the question “what have you been up to?” I am asking them what have they been DOING recently.
up to这个用法是do的同义词。我们在英文口语中使用它因为它是一个不正式的表达方法。当我用“what have you been up to?”这种方式来问候别人时，我实际是在问他们最近在忙什么呢。
The question is in the present perfect continuous so you will answer with the verb in the continuous. For example:
“Hey mate, what have you been up to?”
“Ah, the same old, studying, surfing, going out, having some drinks with friends.”
“Have you been playing guitar?”
“yeah I’ve been playing a few times a week.”
“You been watching the football?”
“Nah, I don’t really like watching football.”
You’ll notice that’s its very common for a native speaker to use the present perfect continuous like this when greeting a buddy. When a person greets me this way the conversation seems to flow a lot more, and it allows us to summarize all the recent news very quickly and concisely.
二. Introductions/ Ice breakers介绍/打破僵局篇
When introducing yourself in another language people are always going to want to know the same information, trust me, being a Gringo in Brazil I’ve had to introduce myself more times that I can remember.
People are always going to ask you these same three questions.
-What’s your name? (you’re probably going to have to repeat it a couple of times or make it sound more English)
-Where are you from? (be prepared to describe you city geographically)
-What are you doing here? (People are always curious)
Another good way to make a good first impression is to get that person talking about themselves or their city. This can be done during the introduction phase as a way of breaking the ice.
So, where are you from?
Is your family from here/there?
What did you think of the soccer last night?
What do you think of this place/the beer/the music here?
Don’t you just hate waiting in line/this music/the noise?
The whole idea of these ice-breakers is to get the other person talking while you simply sit back and listen. Sure, your probably thinking that this is a very impersonal exercise, but the purpose of this is to give yourself more confidence when approaching people in English. After doing this enough times, you’ll see that it starts to become a very easy and natural process and in no time you’ll be expanding your fluent first impressions to fluent everything.