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考研英语阅读理解真题全文

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  考研英语阅读语篇大多是科研说明议论文和社会现象议论文。下面就是学习啦小编给大家整理的考研英语阅读理解真题全文,希望对你有用!

  考研英语阅读原文

  Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure,

  younger Americans are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success, a latest poll has found.

  Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life,

  including getting married, having children, owning a home, and retiring in their sixties.

  But while young and old mostly agree on what constitutes the finish line of a fulfilling life,

  they offer strikingly different paths for reaching it.

  Young people who are still getting started in life were more likely than older adults to prioritize personal fulfillment in their work,

  to believe they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs,

  to favor communities with more public services and a faster pace of life,

  to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children,

  and to maintain that children are best served by two parents working outside the home, the survey found.

  From career to community and family, these contrasts suggest that in the aftermath of the searing Great Recession,

  those just starting out in life are defining priorities and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of American life,

  from consumer preferences to housing patterns to politics.

  Young and old converge on one key point:

  Overwhelming majorities of both groups said they believe it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations.

  Whlie younger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today,

  big majorities in both groups believe those "just getting started in life"

  face a tougher a good-paying job, starting a family, managing debt, and finding affordable housing.

  Pete Schneider considers the climb tougher today.

  Schneider, a 27-yaear-old auto technician from the Chicago suburbs says he struggled to find a job after graduating from college.

  Even now that he is working steadily, he said."

  I can't afford to pay ma monthly mortgage payments on my own, so I have to rent rooms out to people to mark that happen."

  Looking back, he is struck that his parents could provide a comfortable life for their children even though neither had completed college when he was young."

  I still grew up in an upper middle-class home with parents who didn't have college degrees,"Schneider said.

  "I don't think people are capable of that anymore."

  考研英语阅读翻译

  一项最新的民意调查发现,面对经济和人口结构的巨大变化,

  年轻的美国人正在寻找21世纪的成功之道。

  纵观历代美国人,他们仍然推崇很多不变的成功生活的传统里程碑,

  包括结婚、生子、安家落户和在60多岁的时候退休。

  尽管年轻人和老年人通常对于什么构成了充实人生的终点持相同意见,

  但他们就实现充实人生的方式有着截然不同的看法。

  该调查发现,比起老年人,那些仍然处在生活起跑线的年轻人更加推崇他们在工作中的个人成就,

  更加认同通过定期换工作来推进职业生涯,

  更喜欢具备更多公共服务的社区和更加快节奏的生活,

  更坚信夫妻在结婚或者抚育孩子之前应该有经济上的保障,

  更主张父母双方都在外工作才可给孩子提供最好的生活。

  从职业到社区到家庭,这些鲜明的对比表明,在严重的经济大萧条的余波之后,

  那些人生刚刚起步的人正在明确需要优先处理的重要事项和期望,它们几乎会逐渐延伸至美国生活的方方面面,

  小到消费者喜好到住房模式,大到政治。

  年轻人和老年人在关键的一点上见解相同:

  两个阵营的绝大多数人都认为,比起前几代人,今天年轻人的人生起步更加艰难。

  尽管相比他们的长辈,对于现在处于起步阶段的人的前景,在某种程度上年轻人更加乐观一些,

  但两个阵营的多数人都认为,相比之前的几代人,“人生刚刚起步”的人在获得诸如

  拥有薪酬丰厚的工作、成家、管理债务以及找到经济适用的住房等标志性成就上会更加困难。

  皮特·施耐德认为,现今这段攀登之路更加艰难。

  施耐德是一位来自芝加哥郊区的27岁的汽车技师。他说自己从大学毕业后就努力找工作。

  即使现在他工作稳定,

  他说:“我自己负担不起每月的住房贷款,所以我不得不把房子出租给别人,这样才能支付月供。”

  回首以前,他感到不可思议:在他年轻的时候,他的父母居然有能力给他们的孩子提供一个舒适的生活,即使他们没有一个上过大学。

  施耐德说:“我的父母没有大学文凭,但我依旧能成长在一个中产阶级偏上的家庭,

  我认为现在的人们再也无法做到了。”

  考研英语阅读词语解析

  affordable[ə'fɔ:dəbl]adj. 支付得起的,不太昂贵的

  mortgage['mɔ:gidʒ]n. 按揭,抵押贷款

  vt. 抵押

  spread[spred]v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒

  community[kə'mju:niti]n. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落

  survey[sə:'vei]v. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视

  capable['keipəbl]adj. 有能力的,足以胜任的,有 ... 倾向的

  prospectsn. 预期;前景;潜在顾客;远景展望

  overwhelming['əuvə'welmiŋ]adj. 势不可挡的,压倒的

  retiring[ri'taiəriŋ]adj. 腼腆的,隐居的,不喜社交的 动词retire的

  fulfillment[ful'filmənt]n. 满足,完成,履行


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