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初三英语知识点总结有哪些

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  初三的时候,要想学好英语,就必须学好英语知识点。下面是小编为你推荐初三英语知识点总结,希望能帮到你。

  初三英语知识点总结

  英语名词分可数的和不可数两种。可数名词指一般动物和事物,如“Man/ friend/ driver/ student/ dog/ cat/ boat/ egg/ gun/ hand/ head/ lamp/ road/ table/ car ”等等。

  可数名词有两个数,即单数和复数。单数名词可以和不定冠词“ a/ an”或其他名词限定词(determiners)连用;复数名词可以和数目词,如“many/ a few/ some/ a lot of”等连用。

  不可数名词指物质名词(material nouns)和抽象名词( abstract nouns),如:“air/ butter/ grass/ money/ sand/ water/ carefulness/ joy/ peace”等等。不可数名词可以和数量词,如“much/ a little/ little/ a great amount of”等连用。不可数名词只有单数,没有复数“-s”的形式。

  有些人对名词数的概念不很清楚,对数目词(expressions of number)和数量词(expressions of quantity)也有些混乱,结果把数目词用在不可数名词之前或随意在不可数名词后面加上复数词尾 “-s”,这些都是语法上的错误。例如:

  ① Our workshop has ordered some new equipments from Germany.

  虽然有些人把 equipment(配备)当成可数名词,但是它是不可数的,不可有“-s”。

  ② My teacher gave me some sound advices. 应该是“advice”。

  ③ Do you have any special informations for me? “Information”才对。

  ④ Most furnitures in my house are made of wood. 应该是“furniture……is……”

  ⑤ Today, I have many new works to do. 必须是“a lot of new work”才是。

  ⑥ Don't walk on the grasses. 应该用“grass”。

  ⑦ Our foreign students have made great progresses in their studies. “Progress”(进步)不可数;不可有“-es”。

  ⑧ All his money are kept in the bank. “Money”(金钱)属不可数名词;动词要单数的“is”。

  上述这类有关不可数名词的错误,极为普遍;只要看看学生的作文,便知道了。

  既然如此,要怎样避免这种错误呢?

  首先,必须牢记不可数名词绝对没有复数形式。其次,随时准备些数量词,如“much/ little/ some/ a little/ a lot of/ plenty of”等,以便在必要时和不可数名词连用。最后,谨记:谓语动词必须和主语的数目一致。既然不可数名词没有复数形式,那么谓语动词若是简单现在时态(simple present tense),现在进行时态( present continuous tense)或现在完成时态(present perfect tense)的话,就必须以单数形式出现。例如:

  ⑨ Bread is sold in coffee shops and supermarkets.

  ⑩ His luggage is somewhere at the railway station.

  1. Some money is being used to help the poor.

  2. The information required includes personal particulars and the present salary.

  3. A lot of time has been spent on this project.

  4. Hypocrisy gives rise to mistrust.

  5. Familiarity breeds contempt.

  初三英语上册知识点:句式句型

  1. They go as fast as they can.

  as…as sb. (one) can = as …as possible 尽可能地……

  as…as中间加原级的形容词或副词。例:

  I will work as hard as I can. 我将尽可能努力工作。

  He ran as fast as he could. 他拼命地跑。

  Please come here as soon as you can. 请尽快来这里。

  2. We call the first Olympic Games the "ancient" Olympics.

  我们把早期的运动会叫做"古代"奥运会。

  call sb. / sth. +n. 称呼某人/某物……,后面的名词作宾语补足语。

  例:We call the boy DaMao. 我们称呼那个男孩大毛。

  类似于这种可以用名词或名词短语作宾语补足语的动词有:

  name/call/make/choose/find/think等。例:

  We chose him our monitor at yesterday's class meeting.

  昨天班会我们选他当我们的班长。

  I find him a clever boy. 我觉得他是个聪明的孩子。

  3. It seemed that Zhuang Yong and Jenny Thompson, an American swimmer, had finished at the same time.

  看上去好像庄泳和美国游泳选手詹尼•汤姆森同时游完全程。

  以下几种方式可以表示"看起来……,似乎……"

  It seems that +从句

  seem to be +adj.

  seem +adj.

  例:Danny seemed excited. (Danny seemed to be excited.)

  丹尼似乎很激动。

  seem to do sth.

  例:When his wife's pet cat died, Alan didn't seem to care at all.

  艾伦妻子的宠猫死了,他好象一点也不在乎。

  4. Diving is one of the most popular events at the Olympics.

  潜水是奥运会最受欢迎的项目之一。

  one of… ……其中之一,后常加最高级及名词复数。例:

  Changjiang is one of the longest rivers in the world.

  长江是世界最长的河流之一。

  5. Make your country proud. 使你的国家因你而自豪。

  proud作宾语补足语,修饰宾语your country;

  make的用法:

  make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶

  make dumplings 包饺子 make a car 制造汽车

  be made of 由……制成

  make sb. /sth. +n. 使某人/某物成为……

  made sb. /sth. +adj. 使某人/某物如何……

  make sb. /sth. do 使某人/某物做某事

  名词/形容词/do (不定式,省to),作宾语补足语。

  6. …his team came in twentieth. 他的队第二十名。

  twentieth 第二十

  整十数的序数词,变y为ie加th。例:

  ninety→ninetieth fifty→fiftieth

  7. We had such an interesting day at school today.

  我们今天在学校度过了这么有趣的一天。

  这句话也可以说成:We had so interesting a day at school today.

  such和so意思都是"如此……/这样……",但用法不同。

  It is so interesting a film that we all want to see it once more.

  它是如此有趣的电影,我们都想再看一遍。

  Thanks a lot for sending me such beautiful pictures by e-mail!

  多谢你用e-mail给我发来这么漂亮的图片。

  He is so weak that he can't work on.

  他如此虚弱以致不能再继续工作。

  8. If I don't. I won't be able to sleep tonight.

  如果我不写下来的话,我今晚睡不着觉。

  此句是if构成的条件状语从句,要用一般现在时代替将来时。

  I'll go to the park with my friends if it doesn't rain tomorrow.

  如果明天不下雨,我要和朋友去公园。

  9. If he practises walking on pizzas, he'll do better next time.

  如果他保持练习在比萨饼上走的话,下次他会表现好一些。

  finish, enjoy, practise, keep, mind后常加动名词作宾语。例:

  You'd better practise speaking English both in and after class.

  你最好在课上课下练习说英语。

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