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初中英语完形填空高频词汇总

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  初中英语完型填空的文章体裁主要是记叙文,话题和初中生的生活密切相关,因此,在不同文章中反复出现的词汇非常之多,即我们所说的高频词。下面是小编为您收集整理的初中英语完形填空高频词汇总,供大家参考!

初中英语完形填空高频词汇总

  初中英语完形填空高频词汇总

  achievementn.完成,成就,成绩

  actv.行动,表演

  affectvt.影响,感动

  agreementn.协定,协议,同意

  aimn.目标,目的

  allowvt.允许,准许

  amazinga.令人吃惊的

  ambulancen.救护车,野战医院

  amountn.总数,数量,总和

  applicationn.请求,申请,施用

  aquariumn.水族馆

  Arctica.北极的

  articlen.文章,条款,物品

  ashamedadj.羞愧的

  assumevt.假定,承担,呈现

  astronautn.宇航员

  atleast至少,最低限度

  athletica.运动的;竞技的

  averagen.平均数a.平均的

  dairyn.牛奶场,乳制品

  dangerousa.危险的

  dareaux./v.敢,竟敢

  deafa.聋的

  degreen.程度,度,学位

  dietn.饮食,食物

  directionn.方向,指导

  directlyad.直接地,立即

  disappointv.使……失望

  disastrousa.灾难性的,悲惨的

  discovervt.发现,暴露,显示

  discussvt.讨论

  disordern.混乱,骚乱

  distancen.距离,远处

  distractv.分散注意力

  documentarya.有文件的;有证件的

  doublea.两倍的,双的

  gadgetn.小器具,小配件

  get-togethern.(使)聚集;(使)集合

  giantn.巨人,巨物

  governmentn.政府

  graduallyad.逐渐地,逐步地

  grainn.谷物,谷粒,颗粒

  handv.递给

  handoutn.分发

  headn.首领,头目

  headphonen.耳机

  heightn.高度

  high-fatadj.高脂肪的

  highwayn.高速公路

  honestn.诚实

  honorv.纪念n.荣耀;荣誉

  human-poweredadj.人力的

  majora.主要的,多数的n.专业

  managevt.管理,控制

  managern.经理

  marryvt.娶,嫁vi.结婚

  measurevt.量,测量n.测量;措施

  middle-agedadj.中年的

  mockingbirdn.模仿鸟

  mopv.拖(地板)

  murdern.谋杀vt.谋杀

  nativea.本土的,本国的n.本地人

  naturallyad.自然地;天然地

  nervousa.紧张的,易激动的

  nervousnessn.神经过敏;紧张

  nomadsn.游牧部落

  nutn.坚果

  nutritiousa.有营养的

  obstaclen.障碍

  operationn.操作;经营;手术

  orbitn.运行轨道vt.环绕

  organizev.组织

  ornithologistn.鸟类学者

  outgoingadj.友善的,即将离去的

  overactedadj.行为夸张的

  radiov.用无线电发射

  rainforestn.雨林

  raten.比率;速度;价格vt.评价,估价

  rawa.生的;未加工的

  refusev.拒绝

  regulara.规则的,常规的

  relativelyad.比较…地,相对地

  relaxationn.松驰;松懈

  relaxeda.放松的

  removevt.移动;搬迁

  requirementn.需要,要求

  respondv.回应,反应

  resultn.成果;结果vi.结果,导致

  rewardn.报答;报酬vt.报答;酬金

  roasteda.烤好的

  rubbern.橡皮,橡胶a.橡胶的

  rushv.冲,奔,闯

  undergrounda.地下的;秘密的

  underlinedadj.划线的

  unexpecteda.意外的

  universala.宇宙的;普遍的

  unlitadj.未点燃的

  unusuala.不平常的,独特的

  vacuumn.真空

  valuen.价值,价格vt.评价

  vehiclen.车辆

  victoryn.胜利,战胜

  videophonen.电视电话

  webcamn.网络摄像机

  well-beinga.安宁,福利

  wizardryn.巫术

  worldwideadj.全世界

  turn...into...=change...into...把……变成......

  Whenitcomesto…当提到……,当谈到……

  knockout出局

  makeawish许诺

  thefinishingline终点线

  upanddown上下地,到处,前前后后,来来往往

  comeover走过去

  stayhealthy保持健康

  nomorethan仅仅,只是

  havealottodowith与…..有很大关系

  behometo是……所在地,栖息地

  therestof其余的

  agreewith同意

  cometrue实现

  learnfrom听说

  mentalillness精神病

  littlebylittle逐渐地

  overtime随着时间的流逝

  volunteergroup志愿者小组

  fromthenon从那时开始

  sb’sfacelitup.(使)变得容光焕发或振奋

  dependon依赖,依靠

  NorthPole北极

  putup=setup,buildu建立,设立,搭起

  belongto属于

  thinkhighlyof高度赞扬

  intheformof以……的形式

  firstaid急救

  checkforapulse号脉

  heartattack心脏病

  fallintoplace依序排列,依序出现

  makeone’swaythrough穿过,走过

  takeaction采取行动

  junkfood垃圾食品

  barcodes条形码

  letdown使……失望

  slowdown慢下来,停下脚步

  lotteryticket彩票

  booktheflight订机票

  rushthrough快速通过,赶紧做

  advanceddegree高学历

  comeupwith提出、想出(看法、观点)

  初中英语典型易错题

  对易错句进行分析总结是查漏补缺的有效方式之一,可以使同学们的知识体系更加完整,对知识点的掌握更加精确。

  1. You can not imagine how much I ______ on this dress. Is it beautiful?

  A. paid

  B. took

  C. cost

  D. spent

  [析] 答案为D。本题考察四个表“花费”的动词辨析。主语为人,且和介词on搭配的动词是spend。

  2. —Do you know _____ university student who is talking with Joe?

  —Yes, she,s my cousin, Kate.

  A. a

  B. an

  C. the

  D. /

  [析] 答案为C。university虽然以元音字母u开头,但其前若使用不定冠词时,则要用a。不过此题中不能使用不定冠词,而是特指和Joe说话的那个大学生,故要选the。

  3. The number of giant pandas is getting ______ because their living areas are becoming farmlands.

  A. less and less

  B. larger and larger

  C. smaller and smaller

  D. fewer and fewer

  [析] 答案为C。句意为“大熊猫的数量越来越少因为他们的生存空间正逐渐变成农场”。本题中四个选项都是“比较级+ and + 比较级”的结构,表示“越来越……”。主语为number,只能和large或small搭配,而结合句意可判断答案为C。

  4. Be careful when you come _______ the street,because the traffic is very busy at the moment.

  A. across

  B. behind

  C. between

  D. over

  [析] 答案为A。本题考察方位介词的用法。“过马路”一般为表面横穿,因此要用across。

  5. —Do you often clean your classroom?

  — Yes, our classroom ______ every day.

  A. clean

  B. cleans

  C. is cleaned

  D. cleaned

  [析] 答案为C。句中有every day,主语为our classroom,故要用一般现在时的被动语态。

  6. Lucy usually cleans the cage every two days.(对画线部分提问)

  _______ Lucy usually clean the cage?

  [析] 答案为How often does。对every two days提问要用how often(多久一次,表频率)。

  7. I didn‘t understand __________,so I raised my hand to ask.

  A. what my teacher says

  B. what does my teacher say

  C. what my teacher said

  D. what did my teacher say

  [析] 答案为C。本题为宾语从句,由于需要用陈述语序可排除B、D;另外,主句时态为一般过去时,则从句也要用对应的过去时态,故还可排除A。

  8. —How much ______ the shoes?

  —Five dollars ______ enough.

  A. is;is

  B. are;is

  C. are;are

  D. is;are

  [析] 答案为B。shoes作主语时,谓语动词应用复数形式;five dollars是一个整体,应按单数对待。

  9. We got to the top of the mountain in daybreak.(×)

  We got to the top of the mountain at daybreak. (√)

  [析] at用于具体时刻之前,如:sunrise, midday, noon, sunset, midnight, night。

  10. Don‘t sleep at daytime.(×)

  Dont sleep in daytime.(√)

  [析] in 要用于较长的一段时间之内,如:in the morning / afternoon, 或 in the week / month / year。 或 in spring / supper /autumn / winter等等。

  11. He became a writter at his twenties.(×)

  He became a writter in his twenties.(√)

  [析] 这句话应译为:他在20多岁时就成了作家。在某人的一段生活时间段中要用介词in来表示,而在具体岁数时用at来表示。

  32.We went to swim in the river in a very hot day. (×)

  We went to swim in the river on a very hot day.(√)

  [析] 具体某一天要用介词on, 又如:on New Years Day

  13. I’m looking forward to seeing you on Christmas.(×)

  I‘m looking for ward to seeing you at Christmas。(√)

  [析] 在节日的当天用on,而全部节日期间用at,Christmas是圣诞节期间,一般要有两周或更长的时间。

  14. I haven't seen you during the summer holiday. (×)

  I havent seen you since the beginning of the summer holiday. (√)

  [析] during表示在某一段时间之内,所以一般不与完成时搭配,如:I visited a lot of museums during the holiday。 而for表示一段时间,可以用于完成时,如:I havent see you for a long time。since是表达主句动作的起始时间,一般要与完成时连用。

  15. At entering the classroom, I heard the good news. (×)

  On entering the classroom, I heard the good news. (√)

  [析] on 加动名词表示“一……就”。本句的译文应是:我一进入教室就听见这个好消息了。

  16. In the beginning of the book, there are some interesting stories. (×)

  At the beginning of the book, there are some interesting stories. (√)

  [析] at the begining of(在...开始的时候) ,in the beginning(一开始)

  17. Im sorry. I have to get out the bus at next stop.(×)

  Im sorry. I have to get out of the bus at next stop.(√)

  [析] get in, 与 get out是两个相反的词组。get in 为上车,而get out为下车,但这里的in与out为副词,所以其后不能接名词,我们可以讲We'd better get in. 或Wed better get out. 还有一组词组有关上下车:get on/off(a train, a ship, a struck), get into/out of (a car, taxi…)

  18. It took them two days to walk across the forest. (×)

  It took them two days to walk through the forest.(√)

  [析] across 作为介词有两个主要意思:① 横过,如:I want to walk across the street。② 对面,如:There is a post office across the street,而through 多用于三维空间中的穿越。

  19. Can I write the exam paper with ink?(×)

  Can I write the exam paper with a pen?(√)

  Can I write the exam paper in ink?(√)

  [析] with后要加拿得起来放得下的工具,而墨水、颜料等原料则要用in。

  20. A lot of French wines are made of grape. (×)

  A lot of French wines are made from grape.(√)

  [析] made of 是指由原材料到成品过程中原材料未发生质地的变化,而发生了某种化学变化则要用from。

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