学习啦>学习英语>英语写作>英语写作方法>《实例讲解巧妙的将谚语应用到托福写作中的方法》正文

实例讲解巧妙的将谚语应用到托福写作中的方法

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  我们一直有强调谚语使用的合理性,不是任何地方都可以使用谚语,使用谚语也要有一定的技巧。因为谚语可以使托福写作的水平立刻提高一个层次,也会在同时凸显出考生在英语语言的方面的应用能力。下面是小编给大家带来的实例讲解巧妙的将谚语应用到托福写作中的方法,希望能帮到大家!

  实例讲解巧妙的将谚语应用到托福写作中的方法

  托福写作中谚语的应用首先应该注意的就是考虑到东西方文化的差异。

  毕竟我们的文章是给外国考官批阅的,所以要注意谚语的背景。说句不客气的话,我们上下五千年的历史长河里流淌了太多的文化,有太多东西让这些可爱的阅卷人看不懂了。

  例如:no pain, no gain 不劳无获,no sacrifice , no gain 不入虎穴,焉得虎子。

  这两个no…no…的成语很多人都知道,其含义可以被全世界人接受,所以在TOEFL的文章中被频繁使用。 但是,no hunt, no bark 这个成语,直译过来是说不去打猎就不需要听到狗叫了,成语里的典故讲的是韩信说过的一句话:鸟尽弓藏,兔死狗烹。这句话我们很容易理解,而因为文化背景的区别,从原文理解起来对西方逻辑有点困难,所以不建议各位在托福写作中应用。

  另外,要学会灵活地运用谚语。挑选谚语是第一步,接下来的就是你如何在托福写作中去使用它了。

  比较常见的是作为主旨句出现在段落之中,例如:Knowledge will never lie 和It’s delightful to have friends from distant lands。表示友谊重要性的还有Friendship never sinks即友谊之船永不沉没,等等。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于托福写作考试中谚语的使用技巧,希望大家看完有所了解!

  托福高分作文必背的转承词

  托福作文训练中,各位应该有意识地使用下列连接词,这对提高作文分数是很有帮助地,大家在练习托福写作时可以参考使用。同时大家在使用这些词的时候,必须弄清楚哪些连接词是副词,哪些是连词。

  1.增补(Addition)

  in addition, furthermore, again, also, besides, moreover, what`s more, similarly, next, finally.

  2.比较(Comparison)

  in the same way, likewise, similarly, equally, in comparison, just as

  3.对照(Contrast)

  whereas, in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however, nevertheless, unlike, even though, on the contrary, while

  4.因果(Cause and effect)

  because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result(of), accordingly, hence, so, thus

  5.强调(Emphasis)

  certainly, above all, indeed, of course, surely, actually, as a matter of fact, chiefly, especially, primarily, in particular, undoubtedly, absolutely, most imprtant

  6.让步(Concession)

  although, though, after all, in spite of, nevertheless, still, provided, while it is true....

  7.例证(Exemplification)

  for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in this case, by way of illustration.

  8.总结(Conclusion)

  to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, in all, to put it in a nutshell, in summary

  9.推断(Inference)

  therefore, as a result(of), consequently, accordingly, so, otherwise

  10.时间和空间(Time and space)

  afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, outside, near, beyound, above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of

  11.启承转合

  1)启

  A proverb says...... At present.......

  As the proverb says.... Currently.....

  Generally speaking, .... Now,....

  In general, ..... On the Whole....

  It is clear that.... Recently.....

  It is often said that.... Without doubt, .......

  2)承

  First(of all), ...... Moreover, .........

  Firstly, ............ No one can deny that....

  In the first place, ......... Obviously.....

  To begin with, ......... Of course, .........

  Also, ....... Similarly,.........

  At the same time...... Therefore, we should realize that.....

  Certainly...... There is no doubt that.......

  In addition,..... What`s more, ..........

  In fact........ It can be easily proved that...

  Meanwhile......

  3)转

  But... Still, ......

  But the problem is not so simple...

  There is a certain amount of truth in this, but we still have a problem with regard to.......

  However,

  ....... To our surprise,..........

  Nevertheless, ........ Unfortunately.......

  On the other hand, .......

  Yet difference will be found and that is why I feel that........

  Others may find this to be true, but I do not. I think.....

  4)合

  Above all, In brief, ........

  Accordingly, ..... In conclusion, ........

  All in all, .......

  In other words, it is hard to escape the conclusion that........

  As a consequence, ......... In short, .........

  As I have shown/said/stated/.... In sum, ........

  In summary, ....... As has been noted, ....

  Obviously, ......... By so doing, .....

  On the whole, ..... Consequently, ........

  Presumably, ....... Eventually, .........

  To conclude, ...... Finally, ........

  To sum up, ..... In a word, ......

  To summarize, ...... (lr)

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