学习啦【英语美文欣赏】 编辑：韦彦 发布时间：2016-09-18
Peace and Development: the Themes of Our Times
Peace and development are the themes of the times. People across the world should join hands in advancing the lofty cause of peace and development of mankind. A peaceful environment is indispensable for national, regional and even global development. Without peace or political stability there would be no economic progress to speak of. This has been fully proved by both the past and the present. In today’s world, the international situation is, on the whole, moving towards relaxation. However, conflicts and even local wars triggered by various factors have kept cropping up, and tension still remains in some areas. All this has impeded the economic development of the countries and regions concerned, and has also adversely affected the world economy. All responsible statesmen and governments must abide by the purposes of the UN Charter and the universally acknowledged norms governing international relations, and work for a universal, lasting and comprehensive peace.
Nobody should be allowed to cause tension or armed conflicts against the interests of the people. There are still in this world a few interest groups, which always want to seek gains by creating tension here and there. This is against the will of the majority of the people and against the trend of the times.
An enormous market demand can be created and economic prosperity promoted only when continued efforts are made to advance the cause of peace and development, to ensure that people around the world live and work in peace and contentment and focus on economic development and on scientific and technological innovation. I hope that all of us here today will join hands with all other peace-loving people and work for lasting world peace and the common development and prosperity of all nations and regions.
Self-esteem is the combination of self-confidence and self-respect—the conviction that youare competent to cope with life’s challenges and are worthy of happiness. Self-esteem is theway you talk to yourself about yourself. Self-esteem has two interrelated aspects; it entails asense of personal efficacy and a sense of personal worth. It is the integrated sum of self-confidence and self-respect. It is the conviction that one is competent to live and worthy ofliving. Our self-esteem and self-image are developed by how we talk to ourselves. All of us haveconscious and unconscious memories of all the times we felt bad or wrong—they are part ofthe unavoidable scars of childhood. This is where the critical voice gets started. Everyone hasa critical inner voice. People with low self-esteem simply have a more vicious and demeaninginner voice. Psychologists say that almost every aspect of our lives —our personal happiness,success, relationships with others, achievement, creativity, dependencies—are dependent onour level of self-esteem.
The more we have, the better we deal with things. Positive self-esteem is important becausewhen people experience it, they feel good and look good, they are effective and productive,and they respond to other people and themselves in healthy, positive, growing ways. Peoplewho have positive self-esteem know that they are lovable and capable, and they care aboutthemselves and other people. They do not have to build themselves up by tearing other peopledown or by patronizing less competent people.
Our background largely determines what we will become in personality and more importantly inself-esteem. Where do feelings of worthlessness come from? Many come from our families,since more than 80% of our waking hours up to the age of eighteen are spent under theirdirect influence. We are who we are because of where we’ve been. We build our own brands ofself-esteem from four ingredients: fate, the positive things life offers, the negative things lifeoffers and our own decisions about how to respond to fate, the positives and the negatives.Neither fate nor decisions can be determined by other people in our own life. No one canchange fate. We can control our thinking and therefore our decisions in life.
Struggle for Freedom
It is not possible for me to express all that I feel of appreciation for what has been said andgiven to me.
I accept, for myself, with the conviction of having received far beyond what I have been able togive in my books. I can only hope that the many books which I have yet to write will be in somemeasure a worthier acknowledgment than I can make tonight. And, indeed, I can accept onlyin the same spirit in which I think this gift was originally given—that it is a prize not so much forwhat has been done, as for the future. Whatever I write in the future must, I think, be alwaysbenefited and strengthened when I remember this day. I accept,too, for my country,the UnitedStates of America. We are a people still young and we know that we have not yet come to thefullest of our powers. This award, given to an American, strengthens not only one, but thewhole body of American writers, who are encouraged and heartened by such generousrecognition. And I should like to say, too, that in my country it is important that this awardhas been given to a woman.
You who have already so recognized your own Selma Lagerlof, and have long recognized womenin other fields, cannot perhaps wholly understand what it means in many countries that it is awoman who stands here at this moment. But I speak not only for writers and for women, butfor all Americans,
for we all share in this. I should not be truly myself if I did not, in my own wholly unofficial way,speak also of the people of China,whose life has for so many years been my life also, whoselife,indeed, must always be a part of my life. The minds of my own country and China, myfoster country, are alike in many ways, but above all, alike in our common love of freedom. Andtoday more than ever, this is true, now when China's whole being is engaged in the greatest ofall the struggles, the struggle for freedom. I have never admired China more than I do now,when I see her uniting as she has never before, against the enemy who threatens her freedom.With this determination for freedom, which is in so profound a sense the essential qualityof her nature, I know that she is unconquerable. Freedom—it is today more than ever the mostprecious human possession. We—Sweden and the United States—we have it still. My countryis young—but it greets you with a peculiar fellowship, you whose earth is ancient and free.
The Props to Help Man Endure (I)
I feel that this award was not made to me as a man, but to my work, a life’s work in the agonyand sweat of the human spirit. Not for glory and least of all, for profit, but to create out of thematerial of the human spirit something which did not exist before. So this award is only mine intrust.
It would not be difficult to find a dedication for the money part of it, commensurate for thepurpose and significance of its origin. But I would like to do the same with the acclaim too byusing this moment as a pinnacle from which I might be listened to by the young men andwoman,already dedicated to the same anguish and travail, among whom is already that onewho will someday stand here where I am standing.
Our tragedy today is a general and universal physical fear so long sustained by now that wecan even bear it. There’re no longer problems of the spirit, there’s only the question; “When willI be blown up?”
Because of this, the young man or woman writing today has forgotten the problems of thehuman heart in conflict with itself, which alone can make good writing because only that isworth writing about,
worth the agony and the sweat. He must learn them again, he must teach himself that thebasest of all things is to be afraid, and teaching himself that,forget it forever, leaving no room inhis workshop for anything but the old verities and truths of the heart. The old universaltruths, lacking which any story is ephemeral and doomed: love and honor and pity and pride,and compassion and sacrifice.