学习啦【英语美文欣赏】 编辑：韦彦 发布时间：2016-09-28 09:46:26
Do you know who is "Qu Yuan"? What type of "Zongzi" do you like most? Have you ever joined a dragon boat competition? All these are related to the Dragon Boat Festival.
Do you know the origin of this festival? Read the following essay and you will have a clear picture of the Dragon Boat Festival.
The 5th day of the 5th month of the lunar year is an important day for the Chinese people. The day is called Duan Wu Festival, or Dragon Boat Festival, celebrated everywhere in China.
This festival dates back to about 2,000 years ago with a number of legends explaining its origin. The best-known story centers on a great patriotic poet named Qu Yuan.
The customs vary a lot in different areas of the country, but most of the families would hang the picture of Zhong Kui (a ghost that can exorcise), calamus and moxa in their houses. People have Dragon Boat Races, eat Zong Zi (dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) and carry a spice bag around with them.
It's believed that if you carry the small spice bag around with you, it not only drives away evil spirits but also brings fortune and happiness to those who wear it. The small bags are hand-made by local craftsmen. They're made with red, yellow, green and blue silk, fine satin or cotton. Figures of animals, flowers and fruits are often embroidered onto the bags and inside are mixed Chinese herbal medicines.
Dragon Boat Race
The main event of the festivities is the Dragon Boat Race. These boats are long and thin with dragon heads on the bow of the ships. The boat races are said to represent the search for Qu's body, with racing boats in a forward rowing motion, to the rhythm of beating drums.
The Culture of Zongzi
Qu Yuan drowned on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 277 BC. Since ancient times, Chinese people threw into the water dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves on the day. Therefore the fish would eat the rice rather than the hero poet. This later on turned into the custom of eating Zong Zi.
It is a very popular practice to drink this kind of Chinese liquor seasoned with realgar at the Dragon Boat Festival. This is for protection from evil and disease for the rest of the year.
By Alexandra Levit, Author, "They Don't Teach Corporate in College: A Twenty-Something's Guide to the Business World"
I will never forget how lost I felt the summer after my graduation from college, and in the nine years since, I've spoken to countless 20-somethings who feel incredibly pressured to find their true calling immediately and build a successful career in a particular field before their 25th birthdays。www.enmajor.com
A more realistic challenge is to ease yourself slowly into the work world by following a few strategies that many people don't try until they're well into their 30s. School probably taught you a lot of things, but the business world's unique set of rules may not have been part of the story。
Hopefully these tips will get you started on the right foot:www.enmajor.com
Pick a Career Instead of a Job
Looking for a job haphazardly, because you majored in something or because you saw a listing that looks somewhat interesting, you'll risk getting started in a career that holds no real appeal for you, and then you'll have to leave it to find something else. Why not plan your career strategically, just like you planned your education?www.enmajor.com
Start by doing a self-assessment that teaches you things about yourself that you might never have thought about -- for example, what you like and don't like in a work environment, what defines success for you, and what type of work would make you want to sit in traffic for hours just for the privilege of showing up. Knowing these things can help you determine which occupations could be a good fit for you。
If You Can't Get a Job Right Away, Don't Despairwww.enmajor.com
If you start thinking of yourself as a victim or allow yourself to lapse into prolonged negativity, you won't be hurting anyone except yourself. Worrying until you get sick, abusing drugs or denying that you've reached an impasse won't help either. The best strategy for moving on is to recognize the reality of the situation, acknowledge your feelings and find a way to cope productively. Reach out to your support systems, and consider taking some time off -- after all, you'll never have the freedom of being between school and work again!
Network Like Mad in Your Chosen Field
A huge percentage of job openings aren't advertised because employers prefer to hire people through word of mouth. Developing relationships with people working in your field, then, means that you're top of mind whenever they hear of a new opportunity。
Learn about new contacts by researching firms in your industry, joining social networking sites like LinkedIn, asking your parents' friends, and joining relevant professional associations. Approach individuals by e-mail first, and don't put them on the defensive by asking for a job outright. Instead, show curiosity about their career path and see if they'll agree to lunch or coffee。
Hone Your Reputation as a Can-Do, Enthusiastic Employeewww.enmajor.com
Don't have a sense of entitlement -- your company isn't responsible for your career growth: you are. Only approach your boss with a problem or complaint if you've explored all options for resolving it yourself. When you do, be prepared with a solution you could implement with her help。
The words I don't have time should never escape your lips. If you know something needs to be done, do it without being prodded. Your boss will quickly come to see you as someone she can count on and a huge asset to the team. If you have conflicting priorities, ask your boss to help sort them out。
Don't Think of Your First Job as the Be All, End All to Career Stardom
How can you master the skills it takes to get ahead without putting any time in the trenches? That's like saying you could win an Olympic medal in swimming without learning to doggie paddle first. Look at your first post-college positions as temporary stops on your career path instead of permanent ones. Don't be in such a rush to get promoted either -- you have a long career life ahead of you to shoulder the heavy burden of being on top. In the meantime, enjoy getting paid to learn everything you can so that snagging your next job isn't quite as challenging!
A nation of foodies?
The UK has become a nation of foodies, with increasingly sophisticated tastes and an appetite for world cuisines. Witness all the TV food programmes and cookery books, the celebrity status of many chefs, the popularity of farmers' markets and regional food fairs, the trend in food related travel and the money we spend on doing up kitchens.
Jamie Oliver won massive support for his campaign for improved standards in school dinners and Gillian McKeith had phenomenal success from her 'you are what you eat' approach to eating. And yet, we are also labelled a bad food nation.
The ready meal boom
The UK eats the most ready meals in Europe. Pizza, pasta, oven chips all quickly re-heated and no messing. Supermarkets and convenience stores display a dazzling range – the more exotic the better.
Julia Michna, head of 'meal solutions' at Marks and Spencer observes that 'Britain's multiculturalism [means] ethnic cuisines, which people are often scared of cooking from scratch, are far more popular.
One quarter of chilled meals are Indian, and nearly one in five is Chinese'. Only 18% of sales are for traditional British food. We want a tastier, spicier variation on the bland, standard UK diet.
Taste, time, trends – and talent
Why do ready meals seduce us? Convenience certainly; people commonly say they are too busy; they don't have enough time to cook.
Other relevant trends in the ready meal boom are social; as more people live alone they are less motivated to cook from scratch. Families often eat apart, and ready-meals allow them more flexibility. Lloyd, 26, from Devon, says 'I think ready meals are okay. They do what that say (give you a fast food fix).
My favourite is Marks and Spencer jacket potato with cheese.' Ashleigh, 22, from Downpatrick, says 'My favourites are pizza and frozen meals which I have about twice a week'
Our passion for ready meals is probably due to the huge variety and the quality available. We are always so busy and finding time to cook can sometimes seem like an inconvenience when there is a quick tasty alternative. Some people do still enjoy the creativity of cooking a meal from scratch though. What do you prefer?
a foodie - (n.) : someone who is knowledgeable about food and drink
sophisticated (adj.) : good judgement about socailly important things
cuisine (n.) : a particular style of cooking e.g. French cuisine
a ready meal : a meal which is bought from the shop ready to be reheated and eaten without cooking. These meals are often frozen.
dazzling (adj.) : very impressive or attractive
bland (adj.) : having little taste
a boom (n.) : a rapid increase of business activity
jacket potato (n.) : a potato cooked in the oven in its skin
do something from scratch : begin something without using anything that existed or was prepared before