学习啦【英语应用写作】 编辑：玉莲 发布时间：2017-04-25
1. Xiaoming is a middle school student. He is a student of Beijing No: 80 High School. He is good at English and other subjects. He likes basketball and badminton. He often helps me with my English. He is often praised by our teachers. He makes progress every day.
2. Xiaoming is a middle school student. He studies in Beijing No. 80 High School. His English is very good and he’s good at other subjects. His favorite sports are basketball and badminton. He often helps us learn English. The teachers often praise him. He makes progress every day.
3. Xiaoming is a middle school student, studies in Beijing No. 80 High School. He does well in English as well as in other subjects. What's more, he likes basketball and badminton. In his spare time he often does us a favor to learn English, so our teachers often praise him
一般：Li Dong lives in the south. It often rains in his hometown.
较好：Li Dong is from the south. There is a lot of rain in his hometown.
一般：You help me study English every day. You are very kind.
较好：It's very kind of you to help me learn English every day.
较好：How nice of you to help me learn English every day!
一般：Your daughter is good at math. You needn't worry about her.
较好：Your daughter does well in math. There is no need for you to, worry about her. 较好：How well your daughter does in math!It's unnecessary for you to worry about her.
there+be句型也是简单句中的一种常用句型，在作文中经常使用。在there+be句型中，谓语部分还可以换用there seems/seemed to be(似乎有)，there happened to be(碰巧有)，there may/might be(也许有)，there must be(肯定有)，there can't be(不可能有)，
there ought to/should be(应该有)等。例如：
There is a lot of rain in my hometown.=It often rains in my hometown.
It's Sunday today. There can't be any students in school.
There happened to be a lot of people on the playground.
(1)How beautiful the park is!
(2)How fast the player runs!
(3)What an interesting film(it is)!=How interesting a film(it is)!
(4)What cold weather(it is)!
The boy cleaned the classroom yesterday.
(1)It was the classroom that the boy cleaned yesterday.(强调宾语)
(2) It-was the boy who/that cleaned the classroom yesterday.(强调主语)
(3) It was yesterday that the boy cleaned the classroom.(强调状语)
1.首先就是very这个单词，以后不要再用了，弄哪个那，extraordinary!这个单词高中生会用的不多，不用掌握什么用法，就记住用very的地方都可以替换成这个，绝对比用very拉风! 然后那，however这个单词不知道你们掌握得好不好，教大家一个玩赖的技巧，一个句子+逗号+however+另一个句子，这里面however是没有实际意义的，就是表转折，但你可以用这招把两个简单句捏在一块啊!短句子成长句了! 第三个，第三个，就是把很简单的句子，用一点小技巧，改成比较无耻的倒装句!举个例子，我不光唱歌，而且跳舞怎么说?i not onle sing,but also dance，改动一下，not only do i sing,but also dance.倒装句!
2.important?这是土人用的!牛人用什么?牛人用significant!由于怎么说?as a result?土人!牛人用什么?牛人用as a consequence. 所以怎么说?so?土人!牛人怎么说?牛人用therefore!(别看therefore这个单词简单，知道用它代替so的同学不多啊!)举个例子，I got up
early，therefore i waslate. 类似的替换的单词很多，比如以后set这个单词不要用了，替换成establish。 越来越好怎么说? 土人也许会用better and better，牛人只用一个单词：enhance 造个句子 we need to enhanceour English，就等于better and better。
3.好怎么说?土人用good，比他们强一点的人也许会用great ， wonderful，但牛人用什么?牛人用gorgeous，更牛的人用fabulous，简单的替换一下，水平立刻显现出不一样了。不想要怎么说?土人会用unwanted，牛人用unsatisfactory。改变怎么说?土人用change，牛人用transform。类似的替换技巧有很多。
·有一个很简单的从句，叫宾语从句，I think that...... 没有人不会用吧，不过我奉劝大家尽量别这么用，老师批10张卷子看到了8张里面有I think that不烦吗?如果一定要用宾语从句的话换一
种说法：I have a thought that......别看只改动了一点，同位语从句!同样I hear that谁都会用吧，不过同样谁都会用所以我们不要用!厉害一些的人会用：It is reported that...... 不过真正的牛人用There is a piece of news that 同样的意思，但明显比I hear that要帅! 还有一种从句叫定语从句很多人也愿意用，不过我建议大家不要用，因为其实在英语里，定语从句是种挺笨的句子，没人说的!不过如果大家非要用我教大家一个必杀!很少有人知道的!其实定语从句是可以并列排比的!这招凑字数最好使，写出来也挺酷的。这招凑字数最好使，写出来也挺酷的。举个例子，我喜欢玩篮球，然后篮球有很多种特点，就可以把这些特点用定语从句的形式并列出来：I love basketball，which is......，which is......，which is.......其实在上千年前，我们的老祖宗就会这么用了，大家学过韩愈的师说吧，里面有句话：师者，所以传道授业解惑也。这就是个经典的定语从句，翻译过来就是teacher is a job who传道，who授业and who 解惑。写出来大大提升英语水平。
.还有种用法叫后置定语有人感觉挺难吧，其实记住个例子就行了，穿着比基尼的女孩a girl who wears a bikini，变成a girls wearing a bikini就行了，这就是后置定语，很简单吧
1.首先因为什么怎么说?because 绝大多数人都用这个单词，教大家一个很绝的用法，逗号+for 就可以代替because!举个例子，我总听李孝利的歌，因为我喜欢李孝利：I often hear the songs of 李孝利，for i love her 中间的逗号+for就相当于because，同样，掌握这个用法的同学不多!
2.尽管怎么说?土人们although，而牛人用In spite of 举个例子，尽管你是女生你也不能欺负我!In spite of thefact that you are 女生，you can't 欺负 me!
时间状语大家掌握的都不错吧，一看到她妈妈，小女生一下就哭了，用when就是土人!直接写seeing her mother，zhe girl cried。还有首先是first吧，以后大家可以写first and foremost，和first一个意思，但看上去高深的多。另外，用到这个用法时还可以用到一个简单的插入结构 主语，first and foremost，谓语这就是一个插入结构，我在前面还讲了一个however吧，这个单词放到句子中是没什么意义的，就是为了装酷!同样可以用到这：主语，however，谓语插入结构!有一个句式说：“…for the simple reason that…”表示某种现象的原因是什么。然而，很多同学一谈到原
因仍然是“…because…”如果要表示“总是能够”的概念，很多同学提笔就会写can always，但理想的句子应该是用双重否定表示强烈的肯定，用never fail to。
3.注意英语中一些表达上的习惯。比如在正式文体的写作中，很少用 “it isn’t”这样的略缩形式，而是 “it is not”。同理，在正式文体中的日期一般不缩写，阿拉伯数字一般会用英文表达(特别长的数字除外)。
4.许多同学在写作文时，习惯于把 “since” “because” “for”这样的词放在句首引导原因状语从句。事实上，在我们见到的英语报刊杂志文章中，这样的从句一般都是放在主句之后的。另外, “and”也常常被误放在一句话的开头，表示两个句子之间的并列或递进关系。其实，经常留心地道的英语文章能发现，如果是并列关系，完全可以不用连词;如果是递进关系，用 “furthermore”“what is more”更为普遍
一般：Jack studies in our school. He studies very hard.(重复studies)
较好：Jack studies in our school. He works hard at his lessons.
一般：Mother went to work. She didn't have breakfast.
较好：Mother went to work without having breakfast.(内部结构紧凑，有一气呵成之感)
一般：Tom studies Chinese very hard. He wants to find a job in China.
较好：Tom studies Chinese very hard in order to/so as to find a job in China.
较好：Tom studies Chinese very hard with the purpose of finding a job in China. 段落练笔1
Xiaopeng's family has five people. They all have their hobbies. His parents like badminton. His grandparents like to have a walk after supper. Xiaopeng likes collecting stamps. His grandparents tell him a story almost every evening. They live a happy life. 高级表达
There are five people in Xiaopeng's family，including him. All of them have their own hobbies. For example，his parents like badminton and his grandparents enjoy walking after supper.Collecting stamps is Xiaopeng’s hobby and to his great joy，his grandparents tell him a story almost every day in the evening. What a happy life they lead!
三大亮点1.主语的表达要多样化。如：All of them 还可用both of them, both his father and mother, they each like, each of them
2.谓语的表达灵活。如：like, enjoy还可用 be fond of, go in for等表达。
Our school is a newly built boarding high school. It is large and beautiful. It is quite modern. I have never seen such a nice school before. Our school has more than 2 000 students and more than 150 teachers. Our teachers are strict and friendly to us. Our classes are lively and interesting. Our school life is rich and colourful. I really like our new school.
Our school is a newly built boarding high school. It is large and beautiful. Of course it is quite modern. To tell you the truth，never have I seen such a nice school before. There are more than 2 000 students in our school. And our teachers，over 150，are strict but friendly to all of
us. To our great joy，not only our classes are lively and interesting，but also our school life is rich and colourful. How I like our school!
原句：All the people here like the novel. It is written by Tom.
转换：All the people here like the novel written by Tom.(过去分词做定语)
原句：This is a factory. It produces thousands of cars a month.
转换：This is a factory，producing thousands of cars a month.(现在分词做状语) 例3：消防队员及时赶到。他们对我们帮助很大。
原句：The firefighters came here in time. They helped us a lot.
转换：The firefighters' coming here in time helped us a lot.(动名词做主语)
原句：We should speak more English. We think it is very important.
转换：We think it very important to speak more English.(不定式做真正宾语) 例5：我们应该如何提高我们的英语口语水平?这是个问题。
原句：How should we improve our spoken English? It is a question.
转换：(1)How to improve our spoken English is a question.(不定式短语做主语)
(2) The question is how to improve our spoken English.(不定式短语做表语)
原句：There was a large factory, which produced fertilizer. Every day it gave out a lot of poisonous gas，which polluted the environment.
转换：There was a large factory, which produced fertilizer. Every day it gave out a lot of poisonous gas，polluting the environment.(现在分词做状语)
原句：When we got to the school gate it was eight. When we saw our teacher，we had to say sorry for our being late.
转换：When we got to the school gate it was eight. Seeing our teacher, we had to say sorry for our being late.(现在分词做状语)
原句：We think it is necessary that middle school students should learn a foreign language and we also think that it is possible that they can master one.
转换：We think it is necessary that middle school students should learn a foreign language and we also think it possible for them to master one.(不定式做真正宾语) 例4：由于老师的帮助，我英语进步了。因为我英语进步了，我相信我能考上更好的大学。
原句：Because my teacher helps me, my English has greatly improved. Because my English has greatly improved，I'm sure I will go to a better university.
转换：With my teacher helping me，my English has greatly improved. Because my English has greatly improved，I’m sure I will go to a better university.
原句：Li Dong spares no effort to study so that he can catch up with his classmates. He never plays computer games so that he can learn better.
转换：Li Dong spares no effort to study so that he can catch up with his classmates. He never plays computer games so as to learn better.(不定式做状语)
There are a large number of taxi drivers in Beijing. They serve passengers heart and soul. They play an important part in the traffic of Beijing. They make some money. They work from dawn till night. One day，I left my cellphone in the taxi I took. I got in touch with the driver.
He drove to my home and gave it back to me. I was very excited.
There are a large number of taxi drivers in Beijing，serving passengers heart and soul and playing an important part in the traffic of Beijing. In order to make some money to support their families，they work from dawn till night. One day，I got out of the taxi in a hurry with my cellphone left in the taxi I took. On hearing what had happened，the taxi driver drove to my home as fast as possible and gave the cellphone back to me. Seeing my cellphone again，I was too excited to say a word.
There are more and more tall buildings in big cities. Their prices are going up day by day.
On one hand，there are still lots of people. They have no houses to live in. On the other hand，
many apartments are hard to be sold out. Even if you buy an apartment，I'm afraid you have to
pay off the money you borrow from the bank. You will work hard day and night all your life. I
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hope our government take strong measures to solve the housing problem and take care of the
people. Their incomes are low.
There are more and more tall buildings in big cities，with their prices going up day by day.
On one hand，there are still lots of people having no houses to live in. On the other hand，many
apartments are hard to be sold out. Even if you have bought an apartment，I'm afraid you have
to try to pay off the money you borrow from the bank，working hard day and night all your life.
I do hope our government can take strong measures to solve the housing problem, showing great concern for the people whose incomes are not high enough.
1.There was a discussion on/about(某方面)„last week. Some of us think(注意时态)that... because... But others hold(注意时态)quite different opinions. In their opinion,„
The discussion lasted over two hours，but we didn't come to an agreement.
2. We had a discussion on(某方面)„last Wednesday, but the opinions are(注意时态)divided on the questions. Some think that if„sth will happen. What’s more，„Others
insist that„because they believe that... Besides，„
The discussion ended without any result. But in my opinion，„
Recently，our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city.(引言，提出中心论点)Some of my classmates are in favour of the move.(提出观点)They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams. They also say that once moved，the animals will have more space and better living conditions in the suburbs.(论据，理由)However, other students are against the idea，(提出不同观点)saying that the Beijing Zoo，built in 1906，has a history of 100 years，and is well known at home and abroad. So it should remain where it is. What's more，moving may cause the death of some animals(论据，理由).To move or not, this is a big decision which has to be made by the people in Beijing.(简要总结)
1 .There was a discussion on how to do...，which was held yesterday/last week.昨天/上星期举行了一个某方面韵讨论会。
例：There was a discussion on how to protect our environment，which was held in our class last Wednesday.
2 .Some of„think that...，because...，while the others have quite different views. In their opinion，„
例：Some of us think that Senior 3 students should take exercise after school because they believe that progress or success depends on good health，while the others have quite different views. In their opinion，they needn't spend time on sports because they are too busy doing their homework every day.
3 .On one hand...，on the other hand.，.What's more，„
For one thing... for another... Besides，„
例：What a pity. I can’t go to your birthday party today. For one thing，I haven't finished my homework. For another，I'm not feeling well these days. What’s more，my mother doesn't allow me to take part in such parties，but I will send you a lovely birthday present tomorrow morning. Wish you a happy birthday!
4 .The discussion lasted...，but they didn’t reach an agreement.
The discussion lasted...，but they didn't arrive at an agreement.
The discussion lasted...，but they didn't come to an agreement.
(1) There is no doubt that...毫无疑问„„
(2)In general/Generally/Generally speaking，...一般来说，
(3)The chief reason why„is that...主要原因是„„
(4)It is said/reported that...据说/据报道„„
(5) It is hoped/ believed that...人们希望/相信„„
(6) It is known that... /Everybody knows that. . .众所周知„„
(7) We must recognize that...我们必须认识到„„
(8) We have reason to believe that...我们有理由相信„„
(9)Every coin has two sides.任何事都要一分为二。
(10) I'm sure/afraid that...我相信/恐怕„„