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高一英语写作技巧讲解

学习啦【英语应用写作】 编辑:玉莲 发布时间:2017-04-20 18:32:08

  技巧,在英语写作中,尤其是对我们为高考打基础的高一年级的同学们来说很重要。下面是学习啦小编给大家整理的高一英语写作技巧讲解,供大家参阅!

  高一英语写作技巧讲解

  (一)举实例

  思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且这也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,尽管举例子! 例如:In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food.

  更多句型:to take „ as an example, one example is„, another example is„, for example

  (二)作比较

  写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的; 世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。

  相似的比较:in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  相反的比较: on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  (三)换言之

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。 实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字: I love you! I am enthusiastic about you. that is to say, I love you. I am wild about you. in other words, I have fallen in love with you. 或者上面我们举过的例子: I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. 因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. that is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.

  更多短语: in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  三、高考英语作文结尾万能公式

  (一)如此结论

  内容说完了,毕竟要归纳一番比如下面的例子: Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.更多过渡短语: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus 更多句型: thus, it can be concluded that„, therefore, we can find that„

  (二)如此建议

  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

  书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你叫李华,在2008年暑假期间成为了北京奥运会的一名志愿者,请你用英语给美国的笔友Tom写一封100字左右的信,谈谈你当志愿者的心得体会。要点如下:

  1.志愿者工作艰辛而快乐;

  2.锻炼了英语口语;

  3.增强了合作精神和责任感;

  4.你感到很骄傲,并将珍藏这份记忆。

  注意:

  1.信件的开头和结尾都已给出,不记人总词数。

  2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。

  Dear Tom,

  How is everything going?

  Looking forward to your reply. Take care.

  Yours

  Li Hua

  高一英语写作方法

  1、话题作文

  Nowadays, there are more and more __ _ in __ _. It is estimated that ___. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.

  The first one is ______. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up, the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing,_____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.

  2、对比观点作文

  (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

  1. 有一些人认为。。。

  2. 另一些人认为。。。

  3. 我的看法。。。

  The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).

  While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).

  From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

  (2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

  Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处).

  In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).

  Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法) 阐述主题题型

  要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.

  1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.

  2. 分析并举例使其更充实.

  The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

  First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).

  解决方法题型

  要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

  1. 问题现状

  2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

  In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)

  Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

  Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

  高一英语写作秘诀

  如何写出“亮点”

  以前,英语作文评分的依据是根据要点和语言准确度而定。但是从2001年起实行的高考评分标准强调了内容要点,语言的多样性、连贯性和得体性, 鼓励学生尝试语言表达的多样化和复杂化。因此要写成一篇较有水准的英语作文,除了要点和语言准确度以外,还必须在语用、语法结构以及表达的多样性和灵活性上有所表现。句子单一、缺乏生气的文章,哪怕没有任何错误也不可能得高分,相反,“有些许错误,但是为了使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致”,给分档次仍在最高档。

  那么,英语作文如何才能得高分呢?以下几种手段是增加句子复杂性的常见方法,也是得高分的“亮点”:

  (一)改变句子的开头方式,不是一味地都是主语开头,接着是谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。可以把状语置于句首,或用分词作状语等。

  试比较:

  1.(原文) My brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle the other day. (修正) The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.

  2.(原文) The young man couldn’t help crying when he heard the bad news. (修正) Hearing the bad news, the young man couldn’t help crying.

  (二)在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如强调句、主从复合句、分词短语、倒装句、省略句等。

  1. 强调句

  (原文) The dog has saved my little sister bravely.

  (修正) It is the dog that has saved my little sister bravely.

  2. 主从复合句

  (原文) We had to stand there to catch the offender.

  (修正) What we had to do was to stand there, trying to catch the offender.

  3. 分词短语、由with或without引导的短语

  (原文) The driver escaped and didn’t stop, he left the old man lying on the road. (修正) The driver escaped without stopping, leaving the old man lying on the road.

  4. 倒装句

  (原文) I went to bed at 11:30.

  (修正) Not until 11:30 did I go to bed.

  5. 省略句

  (原文) While you are crossing the street, you should be careful.

  (修正) While crossing the street, you should be careful.

  (三)通过分句和合句,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。

  (原文) He stopped us an hour ago. He made us catch the next offender.

  (修正) He stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.

  (原文) We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced.

  (修正) After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing.

  (四)使用过渡词语

  写好了每个句子,并不一定就是一篇好文章,因为作为一篇文章,还必须行文连贯。那么,如何使文章行文连贯呢?这就要求我们在组成篇章时,要用好过渡性词语,过渡性词语就像是我们组装机械时使用的润滑剂一样,起着润滑的作用。

  常用过渡词

  并列递进:and, also, as well as, besides, what’s more, moreover, furthermore, etc.

  转折:but, yet, however, although, nevertheless, in spite of, after all, etc.

  因果:because, as, for, since, for this reason, because of, so, therefore, thus, as a result, etc. 对比:or, otherwise, like, unlike, on the contrary, while, on the other hand, instead of, etc.

  总结:in all, in brief, on the whole, in short, in general, in one word, to sum up, in conclusion, etc. 总之,要使文章的层次高,可读性强,考生应增加些较高级的词汇与复杂的结构,并运用恰当的连接词和复合句,只有这样,才能在考试中取得理想的成绩。

  四、高考英语作文开头万能公式

  (一)开头万能公式一:名人名言

  有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编! 原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧? 经典句型: A proverb says, “ you are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言) It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言) 更多经典句型:as everyone knows, no one can deny that„

  (二)开头万能公式二:数字统计

  原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。 原则上在议论文当中是不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. 看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造: travel by bike 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。 youth 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。 five-day work week better than six-day work? 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

  更多句型: A recent statistics shows that „ -8910

  

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