学习啦【英语文摘】 韦彦时间:2016-09-12 09:24:25我要投稿




  The Gettysburg Address葛底斯堡的演讲

  Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new conceive in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.


  Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have eome to dedicate a portion of the field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.


  But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate - we can not consecrate- we can not hallow - this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advance. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.



  On Resignation论放弃

  Resignation is of two sorts, one rooted in despair, the other in unconquerable hope. The man who has suffered such fundamental defeat that he has given up hope of serious achievement may learn the resignation of despair, and if he does, he will abandon all serious activity. He may, camouflage his despair by religious phrases, or by the doctrine that contemplation is the true end of man, but whatever disguise he may adopt to conceal his inward defeat, he will remain essentially useless and fundamentally unhappy. The man whose resignation is based on unconquerable hope acts in quite a different way. Hope which is to be unconquerable must be large and impersonal. Whatever my personal activities, may be defeated by death, or by certain kinds of diseases; I may be overcome by my enemies; I may find that I have embarked upon an unwise course which cannot lead to success. In a thousand ways the failure of purely personal hopes may be unavoidable, but if personal aims have been part of larger hopes for humanity, there is not the same utter defeat when failure comes.

  放弃有两种,一种源于绝望,一种源于不可征服的希望。前者是不好的,后者是好的。一个人遭到重创,以致对重大的成就不抱希望时,也许会走向绝望的放弃,采真如此,他将中止一切重要的活动;他也许会用宗教上的词句,或者用沉思默想,才是人类的真正的目标的说教来掩饰他的绝望。但是无论他使用何种托辞来遮掩他内心的失败,他本质上将是一个无用的和不快乐的人。把放弃建立在不可征服的希望之上的人,行动则截然不同。不可征服的希望必定是很大的而且是非个人性质的。无论我个人的活动如何,我都可能被死亡或某种疾病击败;我可能被敌人打倒;我可能发现自己走上了一条不能成功的蠢路。 在成千上万的形式中,纯属个人希望的破灭也许不可避免,但若个人的目标已成为人类的大希望中的一部分,那么当失败到来时,就不至于被彻底击倒了。


  The Road Not Taken未选择的路

  Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,

  And sorry I could not travel both

  And be one traveler, long I stood

  And looked down one as far as I could

  To where it bent in the underg-rowth;






  Then took the other, as just as fair,

  And having perhaps the better claim,

  Because it was grassy and wanted wear;

  Though as for that the passing there

  Had worn them really about the same,






  And both that morning equally lay

  In leaves no step had trodden black.

  Oh, I kept the first for another day!

  Yet knowing how way leads on to way,

  I doubted if I should ever come back.






  I shall be telling this with a sigh

  Somewhere ages and ages hence:

  Two roads diverged in a wood, and I -

  I look the one less traveled by,

  And that has made all the difference.






Copyright @ 2006 - 2018 学习啦 All Rights Reserved

学习啦 版权所有 粤ICP备15032933号-1

学习啦 学习啦