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雅思写作范文及素材:城市化

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  雅思写作的提高不仅需要自己勤加练习,还要多读多看,以下是小编给大家整理的雅思写作范文及素材:城市化。希望对大家的雅思写作备考有所帮助

  雅思写作大作文高分范文城市化的影响 

        Question

  These days, it seems that an increasing number of people are leaving rural areas to live in the city.

  Discuss some of the effects of rural depopulation ( migration from the country to the city) and suggest some ways in which this trend could be reversed?

  Key words analysis

  ? rural areas: 郊区, 它的相对词是urban areas

  ? depopulation: 减少居民,后面括号内的内容是岁这个词的解释

  ? trend: 趋势,和tide, current同义

  ? reverse: 使倒转

  Argument:

  ? 这是属于议论文中的problem的类型,通常会在要求学生表达对这个问题的看法和给出一些解决方案。

  Possible effects :

  ? 过于拥挤的城市易影响城市的舒适度

  ? 过于拥挤的城市可能会导致失业率升高

  Possible solutions:

  ? 政府进行商业性的引导

  ? 加强农村基础建设,提升生活便利性

  Model Essay 1 – Part 1

  Introduction

  Rural depopulation is a very important issue in many parts of the world today. In this essay, I will discuss some of the main effects of this problem and also offer some possible solutions to it.

  Main body 1

  Firstly, it is clear that migration away from the country negatively affects life in the city. Serious environmental and social problems often occur when cities become overcrowded. Problems such as air, water and noise pollution are now increasingly common in urban areas around the world because there are simply too many people living there. Pollution can make city life very uncomfortable indeed and can even cause illness. Beijing is a very good example of this. Overcrowding in cities can also lead to high unemployment (especially in poorer parts of the world) and crime.

  Model Essay 1 – Part 2

  Main body 2

  In order to prevent people from moving away from the country and reduce the size of cities, I feel we must make country life more attractive. In my view, the best way of doing this would be to improve services in the country. One of the main reasons that so many people have left the country is that facilities like shopping centres, cinemas, swimming pools, restaurants, libraries, schools and hospitals are generally better in the city. If such facilities were available in the country, more people would choose to live there. Another effective solution would be for the government to subsidies businesses and workers who move to the country.

  Conclusion

  n conclusion, I believe we must all recognise how serious this problem is. For the sake of the environment and our own quality of life it is vital that we preserve rural communities.

  雅思考试大作文范文:过度城市化的原因和结果

  雅思大作文题目:

  Since cities have changed a lot, the size ofthe cities has grown enormously. Discuss thecauses and consequence of the enormous sizeof cities.

  雅思大作文范文:

  Nowadays, the maps of cities are updatedfrequently. With the development of city, more andmore suburbs become parts of the city. When thecities in the world are amplifying constantly, peoplediscuss the topic hotly, the causes andconsequence of the enormous cities. Different people have different answers by theirrespective views.

  In my opinion, the evolution of society and the development of economy result in thegrowth of the vast size of cities. Since the number of population in every city is increasingcontinually, people need a large amount of space to live in. With the progress of the technology,the output of crops rises sharply. Fewer and fewer farmers are required, as a result, more andmore villages urbanize. The growth of the cities brings us many huge changes.

  There are more job opportunities in the cities. For instance, China will hold the OlympicGames in Beijing in 2008. The government is amplifying the size of Beijing to build new gyms inorder to hold it excellently. Obviously, people in the cities could gain a lot of new jobs.

  Of course, the enormous size of cities also has bad effects. Pollution is becoming more andmore serious all over the world with the amplification of the cities. For example, thepoisonous gas sent off by factories and automobiles has made the air unhealthy for people tobreathe. Water waste keeps pouring into rivers and lakes; as a result, many water species aredying out. Furthermore, more people the city have, more rubbish we can find.

  In a word, since each coin has two sides, we should be acquainted clearly with the reasonswhy the size of the cities has grown enormously and what it will bring us. Thus, we could makefull use of the positive effects and overcome the negative effects.

  雅思大作文范文解析-如何解决城市建设带来的问题

  题目

  The world has many towns and cities constructed in previous centuries that are suitable and livable for people in those times. What problems will this cause today and what can be done to solve these problems?

  题型:问题解决

  翻译:世界上有许多几个世纪前建造的城镇,适合那时代的人们居住。这会导致今天出现什么问题以及如何解决这些问题呢?

  写作结构

  开头段:背景引入+话题介绍

  主体段 1:可能造成的问题

  主体段 2:可以采取的措施

  结尾段:总结概括

  范文解析

  开头段

  交代背景“如今全球化和现代化超过了城镇建设,并带来一些问题”,政府需要采取措施解决它们。

  背景句:Globalization and modernization nowadays have considerably outpaced the construction of new cities,which has brought some adverse impacts on people’s life.

  话题介绍:Under pressure, the government needs to identify them to reduce complaints from citizens.

  主体段 1

  商业开发为一些城市的城市化带来了一些问题,如交通堵塞,住房紧张等。

  主题句:Commercial development gives a facility to urbanization in some cities where the basic infrastructure does not match the needs of enormous flow of dwellers.

  平行列举 1:In some cases, the shortage of transportation means that the road would be blocked by vehicles especially during rush hours. This low efficient traffic can have negative implications on business to some extent.

  平行列举 2:Apart from stagnated traffic, there are accommodation issues to be considered. This is because the advances of economy surely require large numbers of migrants. If single-storey constructions without necessary facilities including heating, sewage system and even electricity supply take a dominating place in city, it would be difficult for those workers to dwell comfortably.

  主体段 2

  为解决上述问题,政府可以采取一些措施。如建设高架桥和地下交通系统减轻道路交通;说服房地产公司建造更多功能性的区域来甘山城市面貌。

  主题句:To solve the problems identified above, the most influential factor may be the government who is responsible for modifying the old cities.

  平行列举:Perhaps viaducts are needed to accommodate more vehicles and underground traffic systems such as railways or underpass tunnels can serve to ease road traffic dramatically. Persuading estate companies to construct more functional concrete jungles would probably be an effective strategy to mitigate the terrible living or working conditions. It would also help to improve the overlook of city if some districts are demolished for central business areas, public parks or statues.

  结尾段

  总结概括文章内容。

  Overall, the governors play a vital role in city development, and tax payers should have the awareness of maintaining their new cities.

  重点表达

  impact on... 对...产生影响

  to some extent 在某种程度上

  it will/would be difficult for sb to do sth 对某人来讲做某事是有困难的

  serve to 服务于

  play a vital role in 在某方面发挥巨大作用

  雅思大作文范文解析-如何解决城乡差异大的问题

  题目

  Some people think a rise in standard of living in a country only seems to benefit cities more than rural areas. What problems may those differences cause? How to solve those problems?

  题型:问题解决

  翻译:有些人认为,提高一个国家的生活水平似乎给城市带来的好处比农村更大。这些差异会造成什么问题?如何解决这些问题?

  写作结构

  开头段:引入背景+话题介绍

  主体段 1:可能造成的问题之一

  主体段 2:可能造成的问题之二

  结尾段:可采取的措施

  范文解析

  开头段

  交代背景“一个国家的工业化和城市化大大提高了公民的生活水平。然而,许多人断言发展的成就城市超过农村,并产生了许多问题”,表示“应采取措施解决问题”。

  背景句:The industrialization and urbanization of a country have massively improved the living standard of its citizens. However, many people assert that the developmental achievements have benefited cities much more than rural areas and a series of problems have arisen.

  话题介绍:This essay will discuss the problems and then offer feasible solutions to cope with the situation.

  主体段 1

  高度发达的大都市区占据了多数的优质资源,提供了大量的就业和商业机会,导致大量年轻农村居民涌入城市寻求机会,直接导致欠发达地区的劳动力和资金严重短缺。

  主题句:The imbalance of economic and social progress between rural and urban areas is starkly visible and have triggered a number of problems.

  平行列举:First, the highly developed metropolitan areas have occupied the quality resources of education, medical service, finance, commerce and entertainment, providing numerous opportunities in employment and business. As a result, a large number of young rural dwellers crowd into the city to pursue education, hunt jobs and make investments, directly leading to the severe shortage of available labour force and capital in the underdeveloped places. The loss in population and finance would inevitably worsen the overall economic development in rural districts.

  主体段 2

  由于农村和城市居民的受教育程度、职业和收入不同,可能导致农村居民进城务工的时候收到歧视。

  主题句:The second problem resides in the aftermath of rural-urban migration.

  平行列举:As a multicultural destination, the city holds a huge population with diverse backgrounds in terms of education, profession, income, social class, and even accent. Individuals from underdeveloped places tend to have less professional competence and personal wealth, due to the lack of educational and commercial resources in rural areas. Such discrepancy might trigger discrimination towards the rural residents who struggle their way through the urban jungle. What's worse, the widening wealth gap might even force the poorer ones to commit crimes to obtain more material possession.

  结尾段

  可采取措施解决发展不平衡的问题,如政府应该帮助农村居民利用当地资源发展旅游和商业贸易产业;在农村地区的教育系统中投入更多的劳动力和资金;还需要立法和监管来打击与歧视和暴力有关的行为。

  Several solutions could be taken into account to improve the situation. The government should help rural residents exploiting local resources, such as natural landscape and specialty products, to develop industries in tourism and commercial trade. Once the industries are on the rise, job opportunities would be generated, along with a growing business revenue and average income. In addition, more workforce and fund should be invested into the education system in rural areas. If rural dwellers could obtain a specific skill or a certain academic qualification, they would be more professionally competent and employable. Furthermore, legislation and regulation are also required to fight against conduct related to discrimination and violence.

  重点表达

  living standard 生活水平

  a series of 一系列

  cope with 处理,解决

  labour force 劳动力

  simon雅思写作观点总结之城市化

  Simon 写作观点集:Cities 城市化

  1.Reasons for Urbanization 城市化的原因

  People move to cities in search of job opportunities

  Cities offer greater employment possibilities and a higher standard of living

  People migrate to cities from the countryside

  Traditional activities like farming need fewer workers nowadays

  2.Negatives of City Life 城市生活的缺点

  Life in cities has its drawbacks

  The cost of living is higher than in rural areas

  Some people d not manage to find work

  Housing is usually much more expensive

  Homelessness and poverty are common on cities

  There is a gap between rich and poor

  Life in cities can be extremely stressful

  There are problems like traffic congestion and crime

  Cities lack a sense of community

  People do not even know their neighbor

  Cities are sometimes described as “concrete jungles”.

  3.Pedestrian Areas 人行道

  Pedestrian zones in city centre can improve the local environment

  Banning cars encourages people to walk or cycle

  Many European cities have built bicycle lanes

  Dependence on cars is linked to health problems like obesity

  People who walk or cycle regularly are generally healthier

  Pedestrian areas are safer and more attractive for both residents and tourists


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