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八年级英语知识点归纳总结最新

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英语是大家十分重视的一门学科。在中学阶段打下一个好的英语基础是我们的共同心愿。八年级英语知识点归纳总结最新有哪些你知道吗?一起来看看八年级英语知识点归纳总结最新,欢迎查阅!

八年级英语知识点归纳总结

过去进行时:

1.过去进行时的用法:

(1)过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。

What were you doing at 8:30 this morning ?

When I called him , he was having dinner .

(2) 过去某段时间正在进行的动作。

What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday ?

I was reading the whole morning yesterday .

(3) when while 引导的时间状语从句中,过去进行时的使用:

----- when while 当……的时候

While引导的从句中, 动词用过去进行时或表示状态的延续性动词

when引导的从句中, 动词用过去式

Mary was having dinner when I saw her .

While we were swimming , someone stole our clothes .

The weather was fine while we were in Beijing .

While were talking , the teacher came into the classroom .

--------while 然而, 可是

He likes reading while I like dancing . 他喜欢看书而我喜欢跳舞.

Tom is very confident while Mary is shy and quiet .

Tom很自信可是Mary既腼腆又文静.

2.过去进行时的构成:

(1)肯定句:主语 + was were +动词ing形式 + 时间状语。

(2)否定句:主语 + was were + not + 动词ing形式 + 时间状语。

(3) 疑问句:was were + 主语 + 动词ing形式 + 时间状语 ?

肯定回答:Yes , 主语 + was were . 否定回答:No, 主语 + was were + not .

3. 根据例子, 和词组提示,构成类似对话。

What were you doing last night ? I was working in the office .

Were you working in the office last night ?

Yes, I was . No , I wasn’t .

(1) Mr Zhang , make a model plane

(2) Wei Hua , play the piano , at 8:00 this morning

(3) the twins , play computer games , last night

(4) the smiths, watch TV , at noon yesterday

八年级下册英语知识点

语法点

1.询问某人的健康问题及遇到麻烦的表达方法

壹学英语 No.1 English

2.情态动词should的用法

情态动词should的用法

表示劝告与建议,也表义务与责任

第一人称问句中,征询建议要记清

3.不定代词的用法

相关阅读方法

推理判断阅读法

精细解读

1. What’s the matter (with you)? 怎么了?出什么事了?

What’s2. I had a cold.我感冒了。

have a cough咳嗽

have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache头疼

3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)构成新的复合词

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache

back+ache=backache后背痛

4. much too+ 为 。

5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。

good enough足够好,enough money=money money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay;lie说谎,过去式lied

7. maybe “或许”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,也许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.

8. sound like+名词代词和从句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth. It sounds like a good idea.

sound+形容词,“听起来,好像”,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主语通常是人,表示人主动的动作:You need to listen carefully during class. need doing sth.主语通常是物,表示被动的动作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交车) get on 上车

11. agree 同意,赞同;同意做某事,同意某人的看法、观点 。

12. trouble问题,麻烦 ;,make

trouble have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing。

13. right away=right now=at once,意为。

14.【复习】 advice [不可数名词]劝告,建议,向…征求意见, give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议; advise [动词 15. 【复习】exercise 动词意为,可数时意为,不可数时意为。

16. hurt 及物动词,使……疼痛,……受伤, 不及物动词,……(部位)疼。 His leg hurt badly.

17. clean 【动词】词】 ,cleaner意为 。18. hit (用手或器具)打;击打 The boy hit the dog with a stone.

八年级下册英语知识点归纳

重要短语和句型

1. arrive at 到达(小地方) arrive in到达(大地方)

reach 到达 get to 到达

I arrived in Beijing last night . === I reached Beijing last night .

== I got to Beijing last night .

如果宾语是副词here, there, home, 要把at in to省略:

arrive here there home

get here there home

2. in front of… 在 …… 的前面 (某一范围外的前面)

in the front of … 在 …… 的前面(某一范围内的前面)

There are some big trees in front of the classroom building .

I like sitting in the front of the taxi .

3. take off (1)起飞 When did the plane take off yesterday ?

(2) 脱下(衣帽等) He took off his coat as soon as he went into the room .

(3) 取消 They will take off the 5 am train .

4. get out (of ) … 从……离开出去下来

He tried to get out of bed , but couldn’t .

A car stopped and a girl got out of it .

但从汽车火车船飞机马匹上下来, 用get off … .

5.follow (1) 跟随 I followed him up the hill . 我跟着他上了山.

(2) 沿着……前进 Follow this road until you get to the post office .

顺着这条路一直到邮局.

(3) 听懂,理解 Could you speak more slowly ? I can’t follow you .

(4 )follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事

Please follow me to read the story .

6. amazing 形容词,修饰名词 令人惊奇的, 令人惊讶的 what an amazing book !

amaze 动词 使某人惊讶 Your letter amazed me .

be amazed at … 对…… 感到惊讶 Everyone was amazed at the bad news .

7. shout at 大声喊叫 多指因生气而非善意的大声叫喊

Don’t shout at the little boy . He is too young .

shout to 大声喊叫 多指因距离远而不得不大声叫喊

We should shout to him , or he can’t hear us .

8. happen 发生 具体事件偶然的没有预见的发生

(1 ) happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

I happened to meet one of my old friends in the park yesterday .

(2 ) sth happens to sb. 某人发生了某事

An car accident happened to him last month .上个月他发生了交通事故.

take place发生 (1) 按计划进行或按计划发生

Great changes have taken place in China in recent years .

最近几年中国发生了巨大的变化.

(2 ) (运动 活动会议等) 举行

The meeting will take place next Friday .

take the place of 代替, 取代

Plastics can sometimes take the place of wood and metal .

塑料有时能代替木材和金属.

take one’s place 坐某人的位置, 代替某人的职务.

Come to take my place . my seat is near the window .

9. anywhere 任何地方 常用于否定句或疑问句中.

Did you go anywhere last night ? You can’t get it anywhere .

somewhere 某个地方 用于肯定句

come and see me . Then we’ll go out somewhere .

everywhere 处处, 到处 === here and there

I can’t find my pen though I looked for it everywhere here and there .

10. silence 名词, 寂静 无声

There’s nothing but silence in the room . 屋内寂静无声 .

Keep in silence . 保持沉默.

silent 形容词, 沉默的, 寂静的

The old house was quite silent . 这所老房子寂静无声.

The cat moved on silent feet . 那只猫无声地走动着.

11. hear 听到 Can you hear someone knocking at the door ?

(1) hear of 听说 , 后接表示人或物的词

I have never heard of him before . 我以前从来没有听说过他.

( 2 ) hear about 听说, 后接表示事件的名词

I’ve just heard about his illness .我刚刚听说他生病的事.

Have you heard about the accident ? 你听说了那场事故吗?

(3 ) hear from 收到某人的来信

I heard from my daughter in New York yesterday .

我昨天收到在纽约的女儿的来信.

12. 主语 + be + one of the + 形容词最高级 + 复数名词 + in of 短语 .

…… 是……中最……的……之一.

This was one of the most important events in modern American history .

这是美国历史上最重要的事件之一.

Shanghai is one of the most beautiful cities in china .

13. experience (1)名词 经验, 不可数名词 ; 经历, 体验, 可数名词

Have you had any experience of fishing ? 你有钓鱼的经验吗?

Could you tell us about your experiences in Africa ?

你能给我们谈谈你在非洲的经历吗?

(2) 动词 经历, 感觉

The children experienced many difficulties this time .

这次孩子们经历了许多 困难.

experienced 形容词 有经验的

be experienced in at doing sth. == have much experience in at doing sth.

做某事很有经验.

She is an experienced teacher .他是一个经验丰富的教师.

He is very experienced in at repairing cars . 他修车很有经验.

14. as … as … 和…… 一样… . 两个as之间用形容词或副词的原形.

He works as carefully as she . 他和她一样工作认真.

She is as tall as her mother . 她和母亲一样高.

not as … as…. 不如某人…

he isn’t as so old as he looks . 他不像看起来那么老.

She doesn’t run as so fast as her brother .她不如她哥哥跑得那么快.

15. have fun == have a good great wonderful time ==enjoy oneself玩得开心,过得愉快

Did you have fun at the party ?

== Did you have a good great wonderful time ?

== Did you enjoy yourself ?

have fun doing sth.开心做某事 I’m just having fun playing the guitar .

16. accident 事故, 意外遭遇 He was killed in an accident .他死于一起意外事故.

traffic accident 交通事故 Many people die in traffic accidents every year .

by accident 偶然, 意外地 We met at the airport by accident .

17. scared 恐惧的, 害怕的

afraid恐惧的, 害怕的 I’m very scared afraid . 我很害怕.

be scared afraid of sth 害怕某物 Are you scared afraid of snakes ?

be scared afraid to do sth害怕做某事

He is scared afraid to go out at night .

be scared afraid of doing sth害怕做某事

He is scared afraid of going out at night .

18. think about 考虑 (某个计划 ) They are thinking about moving to Beijing .

think of 认为 What do you think of the movie ?

=== how do you like the movie ?

你认为这部电影怎么样?

think over 仔细思考 We need a few days to think over this matter .


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英语是大家十分重视的一门学科。在中学阶段打下一个好的英语基础是我们的共同心愿。八年级英语知识点归纳总结最新有哪些你知道吗?一起来看看八年级英语知识点归纳总结最新,欢迎查阅!八年级英语知识点归纳总结过去
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