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be / get / become used to 习惯于

be given to 喜欢;癖好

be related to 与…有关系

be addicted to 沉溺于;对…上瘾

be opposed to 反对

devote oneself to献身于;专心于

be devoted to 致力于;忠诚于

be admitted to 被…录取;准进入

be reduced to 沦为


be attached to附属于;喜欢;依恋

be adjusted to 适应

be known to 为…所知

be married to 和…结婚

be sentenced to被判处

be connected to 和…连在一起

be exposed to 暴露于;遭受

be compared to 被比喻成

compare… to…把…比作…

be engaged to 与…订婚

be / become / get accustomed to // accustomed to 惯于;有…习惯

be engaged to 与…订婚

get down to 着手做

lead to 导致

object to反对;不喜欢;不赞成

put one’s mind to全神贯注于

give rise to 引起

look forward to 盼望

stick to 坚持

pay attention to 注意

attend to 专心;注意;照料

see to 负责;注意

contribute to对…作贡献;有助于

make contributions to对…作贡献

apply oneself to 致力于

come close to几乎;将近

reply to 回答

add to 增加

add up to 加起来

in addition to除…之外

turn to转向;求助于

feel up to 能胜任于

look up to 尊敬

admit to承认

belong to 属于

take to 喜爱;开始

cling to 附着

fall to 开始

respond to 回答;对…作出回应

accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于

amount to等于

prefer… to…更喜欢

set an example to 给…树立榜样

refer to 谈到;参考;查阅

agree to sth. 同意某事(比较:agree to do sth. 同意做某事)

prefer… to…更喜欢

take / make a trip to到…地方去

join…to…把…和 …连接起来

turn a blind eye to对…视而不见

turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻

show honor to向…表示敬意

put an end to(bring… to an end) 结束

set fire to 放火烧……

drink (a toast) to 为……干杯

propose a toast to 提议……

happen to… 发生了……事

occur to sb. 想起;想到

total up to 总计达

be close to 几乎;将近

hold to 坚持;抓住

help oneself to 随便用……

hold on to 抓住;固守

do harm to 对……有害处

do wrong to 冤枉某人

date back to 追溯到

when it comes to… 谈到……时

come to 来到;达到;结果为 (比较:come to do sth逐渐做某事)

give an eye to着眼于

have an eye to doing 打算

the key to ……的答案

describe to 向……描述

treat sb. to sth. 请某人吃……

trust sth. to sb.把某物委托给某人

pay a visit to 参观……

access to 进入;取得的方法

be a stranger to 不习惯;对……陌生

on one’s way to 在去某处的路上;在达成某事的过程中

be kind to 对……和善

be important to 对……重要

be senior to 年龄长于……

be equal to 和……相等

be particular to ……所特有的(比较:be particular about 对……过于讲究;挑剔)

be subject to 服从;隶属;易遭\受\患

be familiar to 为 ……熟悉

be similar to 和……相似

be open to 对……开放

be loyal to 对……忠诚

be helpful to对……有益处

be useful to对……有用

be good to sb对某人好(比较:be good for 对……有益处)

be bad to 对……不好

be bad for(比较:对……有害处)

be new to 对……不习惯;对……陌生

as to 关于;至于

next to(否定词前)几乎;

be due to do sth.预定要做某事

next to ……的旁边

due to 由于;归因于……

thanks to 多亏了;由于

owing to 由于;因……的缘故

in / with regard to 关于

in /with relation to 关于;就……而论

subject to 在……条件下;依照

be given to 沉溺于

be related to 与…相关

get down to着手做

lead to 着手做

object to / be opposed to 反对

put one’s mind to全神贯注于

be equal to 胜任

devote oneself to献身于

give rise to 引起

look forward to 盼望

pay attention to 注意

lead to通向 see to 负责

access to 接近(某地的)方法

be addicted to 沉溺于… 对…上瘾

according to 根据

contribute to 为…作贡献


1. access to 接近,进入(某地的)方法; 通路

The only access to that building is along that muddy track.


2. according to 按照,依照,视……而定

The work was done according to his instructions.


3. be addicted to 沉溺于……,对……上瘾

He became addicted to the drug.


4. belong to 属于

This dictionary belongs to me.


5. contribute to 为……做贡献,为……撰稿

Everyone should contribute what he or she can afford to society.


6. devote to 献身,致力于……

He has devoted his life to helping disabled people.


7. due to 因为,由于……而起

His lateness was due to the very heavy traffic on the motorway.


8. be equal to 与……相当,有能力胜任……的

Bill is quite equal to running the office.


9. get close to 靠近,接近

Today many people like to go out to get close to nature.


10. get down to 开始做某事,认真处理某事

It’s time I got down to some serious work.


11. hold to 忠于……,坚持,遵循

Whatever your argument, I shall hold to my decision.


12. help oneself to 自取,自用(食物,饮料等)

Help yourself to a cigarette.


13. look forward to 盼望,期待

We are so much looking forward to seeing you again.


14. lead to 导致

This misprint led to great confusion.


15. prefer…to…两者间更喜欢……

I prefer walking to cycling.


16. pay attention to 注意

Pay attention to what the teacher is talking about!


17. refer to 提到,涉及到,关系到,参考,查阅

What I have to say refers to all of you.


18. relate to 与……有关,涉及……

Wealth is seldom related to happiness.


19. see to 照看或处理某事物

Will you see to the arrangements for the next committee meeting?


20.stick to 坚持,不改变或不放弃

We don’t want to hear your opinions; stick to the facts!


21.turn to 转向,求助于,转而做

The more depressed he got, the more he turned to drink.


22.used to 习惯于……,适应……

She is quite used to working hard.



look at a book?

1. 表示阅读性地“看书”(即读书),一般要用动词 read。如:

Don’t read such books. 不要读那样的书。

He is reading a book on Shakespeare. 他在看一本关于莎士比亚的书。

但是,在许多情况下,“看书”只需用read 就够了(尤其是泛泛地表示“看书”时),无需后接book作宾语。如:

In the evening I usually read. 晚上我常常看书。

This light is too poor to read by. 这光线太暗不能看书。

I read much less now than I did at school. 我现在看书远比我上学时少。

2. 若不是表示阅读性地“看书”,而只是大概地看一看,比如看看书的封面、定价、内容提要等,或者回答问题时看看书的某些章节或字句等,或者是考试时悼词楸镜龋此时都不宜用动词read, 可用look at, see 等。如:

Can I look at those books? 我可以看看那些书吗?

Jim demanded to see my books. 吉姆要求看看我的书。

Please answer my questions without looking at your books. 请不看书回答我的问题。

Students must not look at their books during examinations. 学生考试不准舞弊。


1. be fond of “喜爱,爱好” 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。

He’s fond of swimming. 他喜欢游泳

Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗?

He is fond of his research work. 他喜爱他的研究工作。

2. hunt for = look for 寻找

I have found the book I was hunting for.我找到了那本我在找的书。

hunt for a job 找工作

3. in order to/so as to:这两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语, in order to可放于句首, so as to则不能, 其否定形式为in order not to / so as not to.

He went to Beijing in order / so as to attend an important meeting.

In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.为了让我们注意他, 他朝我们又是叫喊又是挥手。

4. care about

1) 喜欢,对……有兴趣 = care for

She doesn’t care about money.她不喜欢钱。

2)关心 = care for

She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people.她只考虑自己。她不关心别人。


These young people care nothing about what old people might say.


5. such as 意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

6. drop a line 留下便条, 写封短信

7. make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。

8. stay up 不睡;熬夜

(1) I'll be late home, don't stay up for me.


(2) He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.


9. come about 引起;发生;产生

(1)How did the accident come about?


(2) They didn't know how the change had come about.


10. except for 除……之外

(1) except 与 except for 的用法常有区别。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

①He answered all the questions except the last one.


②We go there every day except Sunday.


(2)except for 用于引述细节以修正句子的主要意思。如:

①Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.


②Your picture is good except for the colours.


(3)但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

He answered all the questions except for the last one.

(4) 另外,在介词短语之前只能用except,不能用except for。

We go to bed before ten, except in the summer.


11. end up with 以……告终;以……结束

The party ended up with an English song.聚会以一首英文歌结束。

12. more or less 几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上

(1) I've more or less succeeded, but they haven't.


(2) Our living condition has more or less improved.


13. bring in 引进;引来;吸收

(1) We should bring in new technology.


(2) He brings in 800 dollars a month.


14. get away(from) 逃离

(1)The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.


(2)I caught a really big fish but it got away.


15. watch out (for)注意;留心

(1)Watch out! There is a car coming.


(2)Watch out for the hole in the road.


16. see sb. off 给某人送行

Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.


17. on the other hand 另一方面(用以引出相互矛盾的观点、意见等,常说on the one hand …… on the other hand一方面……另一方面)

I know this job of mine isn't well paid, but on the other hand I don't have to work long hours.


18. as well as 和,还

He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.


19. take place 发生

take one’s place 入座、站好位置、取得地位

take sb’s place 或take the place of 代替、取代

20. on fire 相当于burning, 意为“燃烧;着火;起火”,有静态的含意。catch fire有动态的含意。

set…on fire/set fire to…用来表示“使……着火”、“放火烧……”。

Look, the theatre is on fire! Let’s go and help.瞧,剧院着火了,咱们去帮忙救火吧。

21. on holiday 在度假,在休假中

When I was on holiday, I visited my uncle. 我在度假的时候去看望了叔叔。

22. travel agency旅行社

=travel bureau

23. take off

1)脱下(衣服等), 解(除)掉

He took off his wet shoes.他脱下了湿鞋子。


The plane took off on time. It was a smooth take-off.飞机准时起飞。起飞非常顺利。


The six men got into the car and took off for the park.这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园。

24. go wrong v. 走错路, 误入岐途, (机器等)发生故障

25. in all adv. 总共

26. stay away v.外出

27. look up 查询(如宾语为代词,则代词放中间)

Look up the word in the dictionary.在字典里查单词。

相关词组:look for 寻找;look after照顾,照料; look forward to期待;look into调查; look on旁观;look out注意;look out for注意,留心,提防;look over翻阅,查看,检查;look around环视;look through翻阅,查看。

28. run after 追逐,追求

If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.同时追两只兔子,你一只也抓不到。

29. on the air 广播

We will be on the air in five minutes.我们五分钟以后开始广播。

This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.这个节目每天在同一时间播出。

30. think highly/well/much of对……评价很高, 赞赏, 对……印象好

He was highly thought of by the manager.经理对他非常赞赏。

I think well of your suggestion.我觉得你的建议很好。

think badly/nothing/little/lowly of……认为不好, 好……不在意, 不赞成, 觉得……不怎么样

I don’t think much of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不怎么样。

31. leave out

1) 漏掉 You made a mistake—You’ve left out a letter “t”.你出错了—你漏掉了一个字母t.

2) 删掉, 没用 I haven’t changed or left out a thing.我没有作出变动也没有删掉任何东西。

32. stare at (由于好奇、激动等张着嘴巴,睁大眼睛地)凝视,盯着看

Don’t stare at foreigners. It’s impolite.不要盯着外国人看,这样不礼貌。

比较:glare at (to stare angrily at)怒视着


33. make jokes about 就……说笑

They make jokes about my old hat.他们就我的旧帽子说笑我。

have a joke with … about…跟某人开关于某事的玩笑。

He stopped to have a joke with me.他停下来跟我开玩笑。

play a joke on…开某人的玩笑

We played jokes on each other. 我们互相开玩笑。

v. joke about 取笑 They joked about my broken English.他们取笑我蹩脚的英。

34. take over 接管;接替;继承

what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我们的主席走了,因此杰克将接管(他的工作)。

35. break down

1) 破坏;拆散

Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.


The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。

2)(机器)损坏 Our truck broke down outside town. 我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。

The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。

4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

36. get on one’s feet


2)(=stand on one's feet)自立, 经济上独立

3)(人)病好了, 可以起床了; (使)恢复, 复苏(指企业)

37. go through

1) 经历;经受;遭到

These countries have gone / been through too many wars.这些国家饱经战火。

2) 完成;做完 I didn't want to go through college.我不想上完大学。

3)通过;批准 The law has gone through Parliament. 议会已经通过了这项法案。

Their plans went through. 他们的计划得到了批准。


They went through our luggage at the customs.在海关他们检查了我们的行李。

38.take over 接管;接替;继承

what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我们的主席走了,因此杰克将接


39. break down

1) 破坏;拆散

Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.


The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。

2)(机器)损坏 Our truck broke down outside town. 我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。

The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。

4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

50. “So + be/have/助动词/情态动词+主词”的结构。此结构中的语序是倒装的,“So”代替上句中的某个成分。如果上面一句是否定句,则使用“Neither/Nor+be/have/助动词/情态动词+主语”的结构。

He’s tired,and so am I.(=I’ m also tired.)

You can swim,and so can I.(=I can also swim.)

She has had supper,and so can I.(=I’ve had lunch,too.)

Tom speaks English,and so does his sister.(=His sister speaks English,too.)

A: I went to the park yesterday.

B: So did I.(=I also went to the park yesterday.)

51.“So +主语+be/have/助动词/情态动词”结构中的主谓是正常语序,so相当于indeed,certainly,表示说话人对前面或对方所说情况的肯定、赞同或证实,语气较强,意思是“确实如此”。

A:It was cold yesterday.昨天很冷。

B:So it was.的确如此。(=Yes,it was.)

A:You seem to like sports.

B:So I do.(=Yes,I do.)

A:It will be fine tomorrow.

B:So it will.(=Yes ,it will.)

52.“主语+do/does/did + so”结构指的是按上句的要求做了。此句型中do so代替上文中要求做的事,以免重复。

My Chinese teacher told me to hand in my composition on time and I did so.(=I handed inmy composition on time.) 语文老师叫我按时交作文, 我照办了。

53. So it is with…或 It is the same with…句型表示 “……(的情况)也是如此。”当前面的句子中有几种不同形式的谓语时,要表示相同情况,必须使用本句型,不能使用so 引起的倒装句。

She doesn’t play the piano, but she likes singing. So it is with my sister.

54. There you are. 行了,好。 这是一句表示一种事情告一段落或有了最终结果的用语。

There you are! Then let's have some coffee.


There you are! I knew we should find it at last.


55. have some difficulty (in) doing sth. 干某事有困难;接名词时,常用句型:have some difficulty with sth.

①Do you have any difficulty (in) understanding English?


②She said she had some difficulty with pronunciation.


56. have a good knowledge of sth. “掌握……”,“对……有某种程度的了解”

①He has a good knowledge of London.


②A good knowledge of languages is always useful.

57. Wei Bin took out some peanuts and it was fun to see the monkey eat from his hand.魏彬拿出一些花生。看着猴子从他手上吃花生,很有趣。

fun “好玩,趣事”,不可数名词,前面不加不定冠词a。

You’re sure to have some fun at the party tonight. 今天晚上你肯定会玩得很开心。

make fun of“取笑”,“嘲弄”。People make fun of him only because he is wearing such a

strange jacket.人们嘲笑他只是因为他穿了一件那么奇怪的衣服。

funny adj. “可笑的,滑稽的”。He looks very funny in his father’s jacket.他穿着他父亲


58. It is polite to finish eating everything on your plate.把你盘子里所有东西吃完是有礼貌的。

这是一个动词不定式作主语的句型,其中to finish eating everything 是主语,it是形式主语。

59. 直接引语和间接引语


eg: “I broke your CD player.” (一般过去时改成过去完成时)

He told me he had broken my CD player.

Jenny said, “I have lost a book.”


Jenny said she had lost a book.

Mum said, “I’ll go to see a friend.”


Mum said she would go to see a friend.


He said, “We hadn’t finished our homework.”

He said they hadn’t finished their homework.

注意 直接引语是客观真理,过去进行时,时态不变。


Mary said, “My brother is an engineer.”

Mary said her brother was and engineer.


He said, “Can you run, Mike?”

He asked Mike whether/if he could run.

(4)直接引语如果是祈使句,间接引语应改为“tell(ask, order, beg等) (not) to do sth.”句型。如:

“Pass me the water, please.”said he.

He asked him to pass her the water.


She said, “Let’s go to the cinema.”

She suggested going to the cinema.

或She suggested that they should go to the cinema.

60. 现在进行时表将来的动作

现在进行时表将来的动作,谓语通常为瞬间动词。如:come, go, arrive, leave, start, return, stay, meet, get等。这些动词的进行时后不能再接具体的时间。


(2)现在进行时表示将来与表示正在进行的动作的区别在于:前者通常用瞬间动词(有时一些常用动词也可以这样用如:do)如:go, come, start, return, get, arrive等。而后者通常是持续性动词。

The train is arriving soon. 火车就要进站了。

He is reading a novel. 他在看小说。



What are you doing next Friday?


The plane takes off at 7:30 tonight.