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Unit 1 How tall are you?


tall ------ taller 高的----更高的 dinosaur 恐龙

short ------ shorter 矮的/短的----更矮的/更短的 hall 大厅

long ------ longer 长的----更长的 than 比

strong------ stronger 强壮的----更强壮的 both 两个都

old ------ older 老的/旧的----更老的/更旧的 meter 米

形容词 young------ younger 年轻的----更年轻的 kilogram千克;公斤

adj. small------ small 小的----更小的 others size 号码

thin ------ thinner 瘦的----更瘦的 feet 脚

heavy------heavier 重点----更重的 wear 穿

low------ lower 低地----更低地 countryside乡村

smart------smarter 聪明的 ----更聪明的 shadow 影子;阴影


辅+元+辅 --------双写最后一个辅音字母+er 辅音字母+y -----改y为i +er

big-----bigger 大的-----更大的 happy-----happier 开心的-----更开心的

thin-----thinner 瘦的-----更瘦的 heavy-----heavier 重的------更重的

fat-----fatter 胖的------更胖的 funny-----funnier 滑稽的------更滑稽的


⑴ 问年龄,身高,体重等

How old are you? How tall are you? How heavy are you?

---- I’m _______ (years old). ---- I’m ______metres tall. ---- I’m ______ kilograms .

⑵ 问物品的情况:

① How large is your room? 你的房间有多大?

It’s __________ m2 (square meters.) 有_______ 平方米。

② How long is your bed? 你的床有多长?

It’s _________cm long. 有______厘米长。

③ How big are your feet? (= What size are your shoes?) 你的脚有多长?

I wear size ______.(= My shoes are size________.) 我穿_______码的鞋。

⑶ 形容谁比谁更… …


① 主语 + be is ( even/much ) …er than …


如:I am taller than you. 我比你高。

I am 4 cm taller than your brother. 我比你弟弟高4cm .

I am taller and stronger than your brother. 我比你的弟弟更高更壮。

Jack is even stronger than his father. Jack 甚至比他爸爸还壮。

Zhang Peng and John are much younger than Mr.Green. 张鹏和John 比Mr. Green 要年轻多了。


1. That’s the tallest dinosaur in this hall. 那是这个厅里最高的恐龙。

2. It’s taller than both of us together. 它比我俩加起来还高。

3. Your feet are bigger than mine. 你的脚比我的大。

4. There are more dinosaurs over there. 那儿有更多的恐龙。

5. Who is taller than you? 谁比你高?

6. You are becoming a big beautiful bird. 你将要变成一只美丽的大鸟。

7. The sun gets lower and lower, but my shadow gets longer and longer.太阳变得越来越低,我的影子变得越来越长。


Unit 2 Last weekend


clean---cleaned my room 打扫我的房间 last weekend 上个周末

wash ---washed my clothes 洗我的衣服 last Monday上个星期一

stay---stayed at home 待在家里 表示 last night昨晚

动词 watch---watched TV 看电视 过去时间 yesterday evening昨天晚上

drink---drank tea 喝茶 yesterday昨天

have---had a cold 感冒 the day before yesterday前天

see---saw a film 看电影

read---read a book 看书

sleep---slept 睡觉


cook--cooked the food visit--visited my grandparents play--played football

study--studied English do ---did something else go---went boating make---made the beds

show演出 magazine 杂志 better更好的(good,well的比较级) faster(更快的) hotel(旅馆) fixed(修理) broken(破损的) lamp (台灯) loud(喧闹的,大声的) enjoy(享受…乐趣,喜爱) stay(暂住,逗留)


1. 动词的过去式

构成规则: 发音规则:

1 一般动词在词尾加上ed 。如:worked , washed played

2 以e 结尾的动词在词尾加上d. 如 :used, lived

3 以辅音字母和y结尾的动词改y为i ,再加上ed . 如:studied , emptied

4 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,双写最后的辅音字母,

再加ed 如:stopped ①在浊辅音和元音后面读/d/




? 特殊疑问句

—— What did you do yesterday / last weekend ? —— I did my homework .

? 一般疑问句,把did提前

—— Did you help your parents clean the room ? ( 当句子变为一般疑问句,动词应还原成动词原形)

—— Yes , I did ./No, I didn’t .


1. ---How was your weekend? ---It was good, thank you. 你周末过得怎么样?很好,谢谢。

2. ---What did you do? ---I stayed at home with your grandma. We drank tea in the afternoon and watched TV.

你(周末)干什么? 我和你奶奶待在家里。我们喝了下午茶,还看了电视。

3. ---Did you do anything else? 你还做了其他什么事吗?

---Yes, I cleaned my room and washed my clothes. 是的,我打扫了房间,还洗了衣服。

4. I want to buy the new film magazine. 我想买期新的电影杂志。

5. --- What did you do last weekend? Did you see a film? 你上周末干什么?你看电影了吗?

--- No, I had a cold. I stayed at home all weekend and slept. 没有,我感冒了。整个周末都待在家里睡觉。


Unit 3 Where did you go?


go fishing--- went fishing 去钓鱼 Labour Day 劳动节

go camping --- went camping 去野营 mule 骡子

go swimming--- went swimming 去游泳 Turpan 吐鲁番

动词词组 ride a bike--- rode a bike 骑自行车 could (can的过去式)能

及其过去式 ride a horse--- rode a horse 骑马 其它: till 直到

hurt my foot--- hurt my foot 我的脚受伤 beach 海滩;沙滩

take pictures--- took pictures 照相 basket 篮;筐

buy gifts--- bought gifts 买礼物 part 角色

eat fresh food--- ate fresh food 吃新鲜的食物 licked (lick的过去式)舔

fall off---fell off 从…摔倒 laughed(laugh的过去式)笑


? 一般疑问句,把did提前

— Did you help your parents clean the room ? ( 当句子变为一般疑问句,动词应还原)

— Yes , I did ./No, I didn’t .

? 特殊疑问句 : 疑问词+did+主语+V原形+其它?

1. —Where did you go on your holiday? 假期你去了哪里?

—I went to Xinjiang. 我去了新疆.

2. —What did you do on your holiday?你假期干了什么?

—I sang and danced. 我即唱了歌又跳了舞.

3. —How did you go there? 你怎样去的?

—I went by train. 我坐火车去的.

4.—When did you go? 你什么时候去的? —I went last Monday. 我上周一去的.


1. --- What happened ? --I fell off my bike and hurt my foot. 怎么了?我从自行车上摔下来了,并且弄伤了我的脚。

2. ---Are you all right? ---I’m OK now. 你还好吧? 现在没事了。

3. Where did you go over the winter holiday? 在寒假期间你去了哪儿?

4. It looks like a mule. 它看起来像头骡子。

5. ---Did you go to Turpan? ---Yes, we did. 你们去过吐鲁番了吗? 是的,去了。

6. ---Hainan is far from here. How did you go there? 海南离这儿很远。你们怎么去的?

---We went there by plane. 我们坐飞机去那儿的。

7. Sounds great! Can I see your pictures sometime? 听上去不错!改天我能看看你的照片吗?

8. Come and look at my photos from the Labour Day holiday. 来看我劳动节假期的照片。

9. ---Who did you go with? ---My parents and my uncle. 你和谁一起去的? 我父母和我叔叔。

10.I saw lots of grapes and ate lots of mutton kebabs. 我看见了许多葡萄,吃了许多烤羊肉串。

11.---How was the beach? ---It was beautiful. 沙滩怎么样? 它很美。

12.Max sat in a basket on the front of the bike. 马克斯坐在自行车前面的(车)筐里。

13.We took pictures of the beautiful countryside. 我们拍了美丽乡村的照片。


Unit 4 Then and now


dining hall 饭厅 ago 以前

gym 体育馆 …years ago …年前

grass 草坪 表示 …months ago …月前


cycling 去骑自行车运动 ice-skate 滑冰 play badminton 打羽毛球

go cycling 去骑自行车


last month 上个月 last year 去年 at that time 在那时


star星 easy 容易的 look up 查阅 Internet 互联网 different 不同的

active 活跃的 race赛跑 nothing 没有什么 thought 想 felt 感觉 cheetah 猎豹

trip 绊倒 woke 醒 wake up 醒来 at night 在晚上 play basketball 打篮球

use the Internet 使用互联网 wear glasses 戴眼镜 dream 梦 win the race 赢得比赛

have a race with… 和…进行一场赛跑


1. 表示以前没有某物的句型

There was no + 单数名词或不可数名词 + 过去时间。There was no library in my old school.

There were no + 复数名词 + 过去时间。There were no computers or Internet in my time.

注意: no+ 名词相当于not a / an / any + 名词。 There weren’t any computer rooms at all. There was no gym ,either.

2. 表示不喜欢的句型

I didn’t like + 名词或动名词。如:

Before I didn’t like dogs. Before I didn’t like beef. Before I didn’t like going running.

3. 表示过去不能做或不会做的句型

I couldn’t + 动词原形。 I couldn’t go cycling before. People couldn’t use the Internet in the Tang dynasty.

4. 如何描述某人过去和现在的不同情况

① 外貌和性格:Before, 主语+was / were +形容词. Now,主语+am / is / are +形容词.

Before I wasn’t tall. I was quiet. Now I am tall. I am active.

Before she had short hair. Now she has long hair.

Before he didn’t wear glasses. Now he wears glasses.

②能力方面:Before, 主语+couldn’t +动词原形. Now, 主语+can +动词原形.

Before I couldn’t swim. Now I can swim very well.

爱好方面:Before, 主语+didn’t like +名词 / 动词ing. Now, 主语+like +名词 /动词ing.

Before he didn’t like reading books. Now he likes reading books.


1. There was no library in my old school.我以前的学校里没有图书馆。

2. Tell us about your school, please. 请给我们讲讲您的学校吧。

3. How do you know that? 你怎么知道的?I looked it up on the Internet. 我在网上查阅。

4. There were no computers or Internet in my time.我那时候没有电脑也没有网络。

5. Before, I was quiet. Now, I’m very active in class. 以前我很安静。现在我在课堂上很活跃。

6. I was short, so I couldn’t ride my bike very well. Now, I go cycling every day.


7. What was Grandpa’s school like ? 爷爷的学校是什么样子的?

8. How did Mike change? 迈克是怎样改变的?

9. What did you dream about last night? 你昨晚梦到什么?















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