Deposit accounts, together with savings accounts, represent the simplest form of bank account. The customer deposits funds and withdraws them as required. No chequebook is issued on this type of account. Therefore, the formalities of opening an account are simple, Often there is no need for a reference, the customer's name, address and occupation, together with a specimen signature and an initial deposit being all that are needed.
Payments into a deposit account, which can consist of cash, cheques, postal orders and so on, may be made at the branch where the account is maintained or at any other branch of the bank. Funds may be withdrawn to the amount of the credit balance on the account normally only at the branch where it is maintained, although some banks do permit limited withdrawals at other branches. Withdrawals are subject to the required period of notice -- often seven days. But in practice, prior notice is not always insisted upon, provided that the amounts required are not too large.
No overdrafts are permitted and a customer may generally not draw a cheque on a deposit account. When a deposit account customer has a large bill to pay and does not wish to carry cash, the bank can issue a cheque drawn on an account maintained. Especially for this purpose,the customer's deposit account is debited, the special account credited and a cheque issued to the customer for the amount required. When a customer maintains both a deposit and a current accounts at the same branch, funds can be transferred from one to the other freely, so that if the deposit account funds are required to pay a bill, the appropriate sum may be switched to the current account and a cheque issued.