百科知识 位置:首页>知识大全>知识百科>百科知识>《虚拟语气的用法 虚拟…》正文

虚拟语气的用法 虚拟语气强化练习

学习啦【百科知识】 编辑:谢君 发布时间:2016-09-20

  虚拟语气是动词的一种特殊形式,用来表达说话人的愿望、请求、惊奇、设想等。而虚拟语气的使用方法你知道多少呢?以下是由学习啦小编整理关于虚拟语气的用法的内容,希望大家喜欢!

  虚拟语气的用法

  一、虚拟条件句中虚拟语气的运用:

  虚拟条件句从时间上又分为与现在事实相反,与过去事实相反,与将来事实可能相反三种情况。表示与现在事实相反的,if从句用过去式,主句用would (或could ,should ,might)加原形动词。与过去事实相反的,if从句用过去完成时,主句用would(或could ,should ,might)+have done结构。与将来事实可能相反的,if 从句用should (或were to )加动词原形,主句用would加动词原形。

  1、If a better material _____, the strength of the part would have been increased.

  A. had been used

  B. had been using

  C. being used

  D. using

  (根据前面的讲解,正确答案为A。)

  2、Had the weather been good, the children _____ out for a walk.

  A. had gone

  B. could have gone

  C. would go

  D. went

  (答案:B。与过去的事实相反。当if从句中含有were, had, should这三个词时,if可以省略,主谓倒装。)

  二、某些动词后的宾语从句以及某些名词后的表语或同位语从句中虚拟语气的运用,这些动词或名词包括:

  suggest (suggestion),propose(proposal),advise (advice)demand, insist, order, request, require, recommend, desire, ask, decide等。在这些从句中,谓语形式为should加动词原形,should可以省略。

  例:The general’s command was that the soldiers _____ their fort and carry out more important task.

  A. would leave

  B. leave

  C. left

  D. have left

  (答案:B)

  三、在It is desired (或desirable), It is important等结构后面的主语从句中,动词用原形或should+原形动词。这些结构有:

  “It is suggested”, “It is requested”,“It was ordered”, “It is necessary”, “It is essential”, “It is vital”, “It is urgent”,“ It is impossible”, “It is preferable”, “It is advisable”, “It was proposed”等。

  例:It’s desired that she _____ to teach us at least twice a week.

  A. comes

  B. will com

  C. come

  D. may come

  (答案:C)

  四、would rather, as if/though 以及wish后边that从句中虚拟语气的运用。

  1、I am too busy these days. I would rather all of you _____ next month for a dinner.

  A. come

  B. would come

  C. came

  D. have come

  (答案:C。would rather 后面的从句中,动词用过去式。)

  2、He talks as if he _____ everything in the world.

  A. knows

  B. knew

  C. had known

  D. would have know

  (正确答案为B。在as if/though后边的方式状语从句中,表示与现在事实相反或对现在的情况有所怀疑,动词用过去式;如果表示的是想象中的过去的动作,用过去完成时。本句表示对现在的情况有所怀疑。)

  3、You look as if you had seen a ghost.

  (此句中as if 后边是说话人想象中的动作,所以用过去完成时。)

  4、I wish I knew his address.

  (在wish后边的从句中,如果指现在或将来的愿望,动词用过去式。这句话告诉我们说话人并不知道他的地址。)

  5、Peter wishes that he _____ law instead of literature when he was in college。

  A. could study

  B. studied

  C. had studied

  D. would study

  (答案为C。表示过去没有实现的愿望,动词用过去完成时。)

  五、在It is (high) time后边的that从句中,动词用过去式,表示该做某事了。

  例:Don’t you think it is time you _____ smoking?

  A. give up

  B. gave up

  C. would give up

  D. should give up

  (答案为B。)

  虚拟语气强化练习

  1. more careful, his bus would not have knocked into the tree.

  A. If the driver were    B. Had the driver been

  C. Should the driver be   D. If the driver would have been

  2. the football competition, I would have gone to the concert yesterday.

  A. In spite of   B. But for  C. Because of D. As for

  3. Look at the terrible situation you are in! If only you my advice!

  A. listen to    B. would listen to C. had listened to  D. have listened to

  4. Had Henry received two more votes in the last election, he our monitor now.

  A. must have been B. would have been C. were   D. would be

  5. If the athlete won today, he eight races in a game.

  A. would have won B. won   C. must have won  D. did have won

  6. It is time that our mayor measures to protect the poor in the street.

  A. takes   B. took   C. has taken  D. taking

  7. If I had read the report, I _______ you all about it now.

  A. would tell   B. will tell  C. have told   D. would have told

  8. — It’s a pity you didn’t won the competition.

  — I had had more practice.

  A. If only B. As if C. If not D. As with

  Key: 1-5 BBCDA

  6-8 BAA

看过“虚拟语气强化练习”的人还看了:

1.高考英语语法基础强化练习及答案

2.英语四级考前2天冲刺:翻译部分攻略

3.大学四级考试技巧

4.英语六级选词填空强化训练

5.高三英语复习计划范文3篇

6.高中英语教师工作计划范文3篇

本文已影响
网友评论

Copyright © 2006 - 2016 XUEXILA.COM All Rights Reserved

学习啦 版权所有