高考英语知识点大全

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  英语语法是针对英语语言进行研究后,英语语法系统地总结归纳出来的一系列语言规则。英语语法的精髓在于掌握语言的使用。接下来是小编为大家整理的高考英语知识点大全,希望大家喜欢!

  高考英语知识点大全一

  1. 一周两次 twice a week

  2. 两倍那么多:twice as many as ,twice bigger than ,twice the size/length/width of

  3. 一、两天 a day or two ,one or two days

  4. 再两周时间 anther two weeks ,two more weeks

  5. many a student has a book

  6. 总而言之 in a word

  7. 有能力做某事情 be able to do sth.,be capable of doing

  8. 怎么样 what about doing…/how about doing

  9. 当…即将要做某事情 be about to do sth…when…

  10. 尤其是,最重要的是 above all

  11. 缺席,不在 be absent from

  12. 全神贯注于某事情 be absorbed in doing sth.

  13. 主观接受:accept 客观接受(接受有形,有实物的东西) receive

  14. 有权利做某事情 have access to sth.

  15. 意外的 by accident=by chance

  16. 交通事故 the traffic accident

  17. 根据 according to

  18. 考虑 take sth. into account

  19. 因为,由于 on account of=because of 后面跟名词,不跟句子

  20. 指责某人某事情 accuse sb of sth

  指控某人某事情 charge sb with sth

  钦佩某人某事情admire sb for sth

  责备某人某事情 scold sb for sth ,blame sb for sth , sb be to blame for sth

  21. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事情

  used to do 过去常常做某事情

  be/get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事情

  22. 达到目标 achieve the goal

  23. across 穿过,和on 有关,指从上面,上方穿过, through 穿过和in有关,从里面,内部穿过

  walk across the street/bridge , walk through the forests

  24. 担当,充当 act as , 执行 act on

  25. 采取行动 take action /take measures to do sth

  26. 在某方面积极 be active in… 积极参加 take an active part in=join in

  27. adapt… to…适应, adopt sth/sb 领养某人,采纳某事情

  28. 总计达 add up to=in all=come to , 增加,增添美景/难度add to the beauty/difficulty

  把…加到…上add…to…

  29. 除了…以外(还有…) in addition to=apart from=besides (看见also,else,other 选besides)

  30. 足够的,适当的 adequate

  31. 承认做某事情 admit doing sth , 否认做某事情 deny doing sth

  32. 允许入内,被录取进入学校 be admitted into/to school

  33. 预先,提前 in advance , ahead of time

  34. 利用 take advantage of , make use of, by means of

  35. advice, news , information 为不可数名词

  36. 给某人忠告 give sb advice on sth , 听取某人的忠告 take one`s advice

  37. affect 动词,影响 effect 名词,影响 对…有重大影响have a big effect on …

  afford 动词,买得起,常跟在can,could,be able to后面

  有足够的金钱做某事情 can afford sth/to do sth

  38. be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事情 ; be afraid to do sth 不敢做某事情

  39. after all 毕竟,终究

  40. in the morning ; on Sunday mornings

  41. 以某人的年龄来说 for one`s age

  42. 答应做某事情agree to do sth , 同意某人的观点agree with sb/what sb said

  (气候,食物)的适合agree with the climate 对…意见一致agree on sth

  43. alive 形容词,活着的,做表语,sb be alive 某人是活着的, a man alive 活着的人

  catch sb alive 活捉某人

  living 形容词,活着的,做定语,the living people 活着的人,

  live 形容词,现场的 broadcast live 现场直播

  lively 形容的,充满活力的,灵敏的

  44. for all 尽管 , first of all 首先, above all 尤其重要的是, in all 总共, after all 毕竟,终究

  all over the world 世界各地区, not …at all 一点也不

  45. 允许某人做某事情 allow/permit doing sth , allow/permit sb doing sth ,

  sb be allowed/permitted to do sth

  46. 几乎不almost not=not nearly=hardly=scarcely

  47. The man lives alone , but he doesn`t feel lonely.

  48. 和…相处很好,进展很好 get along/on well with sb/sth

  49. 颂读课文read aloud the text , 说出声音来 speak aloud

  吵闹的,喧哗的loudly

  50. 除…以外别无选择have no choice but to do sth

  51. 老是做某事情be always doing sth

  52. 对…惊讶 be amazed at , be surprised at, be astonished at

  对…满意 be pleased with , be happy with , be satisfied with

  对…愤怒 be angry about/at sth, be angry with sb for sth

  对…严厉 be strict with sb in sth , be hard on sb

  对…担心 be worried about , be anxious about

  对…感到惭愧 be shamed of sth, be shy of sth

  渴望做某事情 be eager to do sth , be anxious to do sth

  渴望得到某物 long for sth , hope for sth , be dying for sth , be anxious for sth

  53. 修饰不可数名词: a large amount of , a great deal of , a large sum of , a little , little

  修饰可数名词: a great number of , few , a few , several

  两者皆可修饰:a lot of , lots of , plenty of ,the number of (…的数量)

  54. 每年的,年刊annual

  55. 一个接一个one after another

  56. 接电话answer the call , 回信 answer the letter/reply to the letter/write to sb

  对…负责answer for =be responsible for

  57. 任何的一家书店 any bookstore

  58. anyway 无论怎么样 anyhow 不管怎么说

  59. 为某事情向某人道歉 apologize to sb for sth

  60. 吸引appeal to sb = attract sb =sth catch one`s eye

  61. appear to do sth , appear to be doing sth , appear to have done sth

  It seems/seemed that… There seems/seemed to be…

  62. 从外表判断judge from /by one’s appearance

  63. 向某人申请… apply to sb for sth , 把…应用于/涂在…上apply…to…

  64. 欣赏/感激做某事情appreciate doing sth , 如果…我会不胜感激 I would appreciate it if…

  65. 和某人就某事情争吵 argue with sb about sth

  66. look around 环顾, show sb around 带领某人参观

  67. 安排某人做某事情 arrange for sb to do sth

  68. arrive at +小地点(airport) , arrive in +大地点(Shanghai), arrive home, arrive late

  69. 一件工艺品a work of art

  70. 假花artificial flower , 假牙false teeth

  71. as he is a teacher =teacher as he is, as he is young=young as he is (as解释为虽然=though)

  as he grows up 随着年龄的长大 , as we all know 众所周知

  as+形容词+as 和…一样 ,not so+形容词+as 和…不一样

  as far as I know 就我所知 ,as long as 只要

  as well as 也

  72. ask after sb 问候某人 , ask for sb 请求某人 , ask for help 请求帮忙

  73. fall asleep 入睡 , go to bed 上床睡觉 , go to sleep 入眠 , feel sleepy 感觉瞌睡的

  74. 把…和…联想在一起be associated with sth

  75. 我向你保证…I assure you that … , assure sb of sth 向某人保证…

  76. 心脏病heart attack

  77. 企图做某事情 make an attempt to do sth

  78. 出席典礼attend the ceremony ,上学attend school

  79. 注意… pay attention to sth/doing sth

  80. a large/small audience 一大/小批听/观众 , 500个观众 an audience of five hundred

  81. 可取得的,可采用的sth is available to sb

  82. average 平均的:on average normal 正常的,通常指精神,体温正常:normal temperature

  ordinary 普通的,指地位普通 ordinary people , ordinary medicine

  usual 惯例的,通常的 as usual, the usual time ,at the usual place

  regular有规律的 regular customer

  common普遍的,大家所共同拥有的 common sense , common illness

  83. 试图避免做某事情try to avoid doing sth

  84. 意识到be aware of = realize

  85. award 动词:授予,给予报酬, 名词:奖品 award sb sth=award sth to sb

  reward n./v.报答,奖赏 reward sb with sth for sth

  86. 凡是指婴儿和电话用语中都用it

  87. 回顾历史look back into history

  88. 对…是有害的 be bad for…/be harmful to…/do harm to

  89. 非常需要… need/want/require sth badly

  90. 保持生态平衡keep the balance of nature

  91. 禁止某人做某事情 ban sb from doing sth=forbid sb to do sth

  92. 以…为基础base…on, 忙于做某事情 be busy in doing sth , 被…覆盖be covered with

  93. 在海滩上on the beach , 在农场里in the farm , 在操场at the playground

  在田野里in the fields ,

  94. 不能忍受某人做某事情can`t bear/stand doing sth ,

  不能理解某事情can`t understand doing sth

  95. 牢记…bear/keep sth in mind 动动脑筋use one`s brains

  96. beat sb by 3:1以3:1击败某人, the heart beat 心脏跳动 , beat times打拍子

  97. not…but… 不是…而是… not because…but because不是因为…而是因为…

  98. 还要很长时间…It will be a long time before +句子(用一般现在时)

  不久就…It won`t be a long time before+句子(用一般现在时)

  自从…以来…It is/has been 5 years since+句子(用过去时)

  99. 由…开始begin with , 在…一开始at the beginning of

  100. behaviour n.行为,举止 , habit n.个人习惯 , manners n.礼貌 , customs n.风俗习惯

  高考英语知识点大全二

  一、不定冠词

  不定冠词a,an与one同源,表示微弱的一的概念,但并不强调数目,用来表示不确定的人或事物。

  A用在辅音前,而不是辅音字母前;an用在元音前,而不是元音字母前。

  a university in Asia

  1.表示同类中的任何一个

  A cat has nine lives.

  2.表示泛指的某人、某物

  I know a John Lennon,but not the famous one.

  3.表示数量的

  He has a daughter.

  4. 表示单位数量的每一

  I earn 10 dollars an hour.

  5.表示相同的

  The two birds are of a color.

  6. 用于集体名词前

  He grows up in a large family.

  7. 在某种情况下可用于抽象名词和物质名词前

  China has a long history.

  二、定冠词的用法

  1.表示特定的人或物

  2.表示地球、宇宙中独一无二的事物

  主要指各种天体及世界上比较有影响的物体。 The sun,the moon,the earth

  3.表示地点、方向、时间、方式等 at the corner 在拐角处

  1) 在表示季节的名词前常不用冠词。 In spring 在春天

  2) 具体某年的某个季节,需用冠词。 In the summer of the year2008

  3)用于序数词或形容词的最高级前 the first the second

  4)用于形容词前使其名词化 the rich the poor

  5)用于复数姓氏前,表示―夫妇‖或全家 The Smiths

  6)用于乐器名词前 Play the piano

  7)用于by+the+计量单位名词 By the pound

  1. 用于复数名词前

  复数名词泛指某类人或物时,其前通常用零冠词。 Students should obey the school rules. 学生应该遵守校规。 复数名词若需特指,则要加定冠词。 The students are too lazy. 这些学生太懒。

  2. 用于不可数名词前

  不可数名词表示泛指时,其前通常用零冠词。如: Bread is made from flour. 面包是用面粉做的。

  Wood is a poor conductor of sound. 木头是声音的不良导体。 不可数名词若需特指,则要加定冠词。

  He sawed the wood into three pieces. 他把木头锯成三块。

  3.用于专有名词前

  在通常情况下,专有名词前要用零冠词。如:

  Mr Smith is our English teaches us English. 史密斯先生教我们英语。 在特殊情况下,若专有名词需要特指,也可加定冠词。如: The Smith you‘re looking for no longer lives here.

  4. 用于抽象化的可数名词前

  有些可数名词抽象化后表示表示的活动,其前通常零冠词。 Jim has gone to bed. 吉姆已上床睡觉了。

  She goes to church every Sunday. 她每周星期天都去做礼拜。

  这类主要涉及bed, church, class, college, school, university, work, hospital, prison, market, sea, town等。另外,这类名词前用不用冠词有时与英美英语的表达习惯有关。如:―住院‖在英国英语中通常说成 in hospital,而在美国英语中则通常说成in the hospital;类似的还有go to university (英)上大学 / go to the university (美)上大学;at table (英)在吃饭 / at the table (美)在吃饭。

  5. 用于职务及头衔前

  当表示职务及头衔的名词用作表语、补足语及同位语时,其前通常用零冠词。如: Wilson became President of the U. S. A. 威尔逊当了美国总统。 He will be made captain of the football team. 他将被选为足球队队长。

  6. 在表示学科、语言、三餐、月份、季节、节假日、星期等名词前,通常用零冠词。

  We are all interested in physics. 我们大家都对物理兴趣

  7. 用于某些固定结构中

  go to sea 去当水手 at home 在家 at night 在晚上 at least 至少

  at most 至多 at first 首先 at last 最后 in bed 在床上

  on foot 步行 face to face 面对面

  第二章 代词

  高考中对代词的考查主要集中在人称代词(主要是其中的it)、关系代词、指示代词和不定代词上。

  一、 it的用法 1.作人称代词

  John likes playing Ping pong./ He always does it in the afternoon.(指代上下文提到的事物); /It's time we went home. / How far is it from here to your home ? / It is getting warmer and warmer./ It's very quiet at the moment.(可指时间、天气、环境等) 2.引导词

  A.作形式主语,代替由不定式、动名词或从句表示的真正主语。

  It's important for us to learn a second language./ It's no use talking to him./ It's known to all that the earth goes round the sun.

  B.作形式宾语,代替由不定式、动名词或从句表示的真正宾语。

  We feel it our duty to help others./ He made it clear that he would leave the city. C.强调结构:It is (was) +被强调部分+that (或who)…

  注意:在强调结构中,如被强调部分为时间状语或地点状语,其后的连接词也绝不能为when 或where,而应用that 。在复习中,一定要注意句式的不同。 It was in Shanghai that I bought the guitar.(that引起强调句) It was Shanghai where I bought the guitar.(where引起定从)

  It was twelve o'clock when we arrived there.(when引起时间状语从句) It was at twelve o'clock that we arrived there.(that 引起强调句)

  3. it,one,that 的区别:作为代词,这三个词的对比使用是高考的热点之一。 —Why don't we take a little break? —Didn't we just have __________? A.it B.that C.one D.this

  The Parkers bought a new house but _________will need a lot of work before they can move in. A.they B.it C.one D.which

  one 用以指代同类事物中的任一,that 特指性强,指代可数与不可数词,而it指代上文提过的同一事物。

  二、 关系代词

  who,whose,whom,which,that,as

  1)which可以引导非限定性定语从句,代表前面整个句子的内容,并且在从句中做主语 2)that的用法 1)不用that的情况

  a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时。 b) 介词后不能用。

  We depend on the land from which we get our food. We depend on the land that/which we get our food from.

  2) 只能用that作为定语从句的关系代词的情况 a) 在there be 句型中,只用that,不用which。

  b) 在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, the one, all, much, few, any, little等作先行词时,只用that,不用which。

  c) 先行词有the only, the very修饰时,只用that。 d) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用that。. e) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

  举例:

  All that is needed is a supply of oil. 所需的只是供油问题。

  Finally, the thief handed everything that he had stolen to the police. 那贼最终把偷的全部东西交给了警察。

  3) as的用法

  AS作关系代词,用来引导定语从句:限制性定语从句和限非制性定语从句 一、AS引导限制性定语从句

  AS引导限制性定语从句时,通常和such, the same, as(so)等连用,构成such...as/such as, the same...as/the same as, as(so)...as等结构,在从句中可作主语,宾语和表语。

  1.such...as/such as意为―...的那种...,像那样的‖,such...as/such as引导限制性定语从句时,既可指人,也可指物。such用于名词之前时,具有形容词性质;such单独使用(即后面不接名词)时,具有代词性质。

  Don‘t trust such men as praise you to your face.(as作主语) 不要相信那种当面吹捧你的人。

  You should read only such books as you can understand without much difficulty.(as作宾语) 你应当只读那些你读起来不太难懂的书。

  Associate with such as will improve your manners.(as作主语) 要和能改善你的言行的那种人结交。

  2.the same...as/the same as意为―与...同样的‖,和such一样,the same既有形容词作用,又有代词性质。

  We have arrived at the same conclusion as they have.(as作宾语) 我们已得出和他们同样的结论。

  比较:the same...as和the same...that不同,前者是―同那一个相似‖,后者是―正是那一个‖。如:

  This is the same watch as I lost. 这同我丢的那块表一样。

  This is the same watch that I lost? 这正是我丢的那块表。

  3.as(so)...as意为―和...一样‖,后接由many, much等修饰的名词或由形容词修饰的单数名词,注意其语序为as(so)+adj.+a+n+as,如: It‘s as pleasant a film as I have ever seen. 这是一部和我以往看的同样好的电影。

  As many soldiers as marched were killed. 很多游行的战士都被杀了。

  注意:such ...as与such...that ,so...as与 so...that的区别: that是连词,引出结果状语从句,在从句部分不作成分;as是关系代词,引出定语从句,在从句中可作主语,宾语和表语。比较: He is such a nice boy that everyone likes him. He is such a nice boy as everyone likes.

  It is so difficult a problem that nobody can work it out. It is so difficult a problem as nobody can workout.

  二、AS引导非限制性定语从句

  AS引导非限制性定语从句时,通常指的不是主句中的某一个名词(先行词),而是指整个主句表达的内容,对主句所作的陈述进行附加说明,意为―这...,如...或正如...‖。这种从句可位于主句之前,之中或之后。

  As we all know, Taiwan belongs to China. Taiwan, as we all know, belongs to China. Taiwan belongs to China, as we all know. 注意下面的习惯用法:

  as is well discussed 正如已讨论过的

  as is often said 正如通常所说 as is often the case 通常就是这样 as has been pointed 正如所指出的那样 as has been said before 如上所述 as often happens 如同经常所发生的那样 as might be expected正如所料 as is well known to all众所周知

  在多数情况下,从句中的谓语助动词可以省略 as explained before 如前面所解释的 as mentioned above 如前面所提到的 as shown in the figure 如图所示 as seen from the table 从表中可以看出 as already discussed 正如已讨论过的 三、不定代词

  一) . some 与 any 的用法

  1. some 用于肯定句以及表示建议或期待得到肯定回答的问句。修饰单数名词时,意为某个。如:

  I have some questions about the assignment. (希望得到肯定答复)。

  2. any 用于否定句和疑问句时,表示一些。用于肯定句时,只和单数名词或不可数名词连用,表示任何。如:

  The medicine is on sale every where. You can get it at any chemist?s. 二) . each 与 every 的用法

  1. each 强调个体,表示两个或两个以上中的每一个,在句中可充当主语、宾语、定语和同位语。如:

  There are trees and flowers at each side of the road.

  2. every 强调整体,表示三者或三者以上中的每一个,只能作定语,不能说 every of them ,要说 every one of them .

  Every student in our class works hard. 三 . no one 与 none 的用法

  1. no one 意为没有人,只能指人,不能指物,不可与介词 of 连用,谓语动词用单数形式,回答 who 引导的问句。如: Who is in the classroom? No one.

  2. none 既可指人,也可指物,强调数量,意为一点也不,一个也不;谓语动词既可用单数也可用复数;常与 of 连用,通常指三者以上的人或物中没有一个,回答 how much 和 how many 引导的问句。如:

  They were all tired, but none of them would stop to have a rest. 四 . other, another, others, any other, the other 的用法

  1. other 表示泛指,意为另外的、其它的。常与复数名词或不可数名词连用。如果其前有 the, this, some, any, each, every, no, one 以及形容词性物主代词时,其后就可接单数名词。如: I have no other place to go.

  2. another 常用于指三者或三者以上中的另外一个,泛指单数。可单独使用,也可后接名词。如果其后接复数名词,则表示又、再、还。如: This cap is too small for me. Show me another (one)。 We need another three assistants in our shop.

  3. others :它是 other 的复数形式,表示泛指,意为别的人或物,但不指全部。特指时在其前加定冠词;前面可加任何限定词以及数量词。如: He has more concern for others than for himself.

  4. any other 表示一个之外的其他任何一个,而不是两个之中的另一个。如: China is larger than any other country in Asia.

  5. the other :表示两者中的另外一个。可单独使用,也可接单数名词。如: No agreement was reached in the discussion as neither side would give way to the other.

  五. all 与 both 的用法 均表示都,但 all 表示三者以上的人或物, both 则表示两个人或物。二者都表示肯定意义,如果与 not 连用时,则表示部分否定。

  六 . neither 与 either 的用法 都可用于表示两个人或物。 neither 表否定意义,意为(两者中的每一个)都不;而 either 表肯定意义,意为(两者中的每一个)都。都可单独使用,也可同介词 of 连用。如: Both teams were in hard training; neither willing to lose the game. Do you want tea or coffee? Either. I really don't mind.

  高考英语知识点大全三

  a great/good many: a large number of许多。修饰可数名词复数。

  I’m quite busy. I have a great many things to do. 我很忙,我有很多事要做。

  若复数名词前有限定词或其修饰的为代词时,应加of .

  ①A great many of the books have been sold out. 已经卖了很多书了。

  ②A great many of them are out of work.他们很多人失业了。

  able(可以的,有能力的,可能的)

  ①He is an able man.那人本事不小。

  enable(v)使……能

  ②We must learn more to enable us to face all the difficulties.我们要多学知识以便能面对各种困难。

  disable:有残疾的,不能干的;the disabled表示一类人(残疾人)

  able作词辍时

  ①可以……的,值得……的(有被动含义)

  eatable可食用的,measurable可以测量、估计的;readable可读的

  ②其他含义:conformable舒适的、安逸的;suitable 合适的,恰当的

  above,over,on

  三个词都可以表示―在……上―,但用法不同。On表示与某物体表面接触;over表示在某物体垂直的上方,含―布满、覆盖、跨越‖之意,与under 相对;above表示位置高于,但不一定垂直,与below相对。注意:与数字、数量、长度词连用时,多用over,同more than。如:over10,000people一万多人;表示年

  龄、刻度多用above,如a man above fifty五十开外的人;above zero零度以上。

  习惯用语:well above average远在一般以上;above sea-level海拔以上;the one above上面的一个;above all首先,尤其重要的是;over there 那边; all over 遍及;over again 再一遍;over and over

  再三地

  [应用]介词填空

  ①There lay an umbrella_______the table and some raincoats _____it.

  ②The mother held an umbrella______the boy’s head so that the sun wouldn’t burn him.

  ③ There seemed to be a war and many planes were flying____the city.

  ④The moon was______the trees in the east.

  Key:①on,under ②over ③over ④above

  above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是

  after all 到底,毕竟

  at all (用来加强语气)与not连用,表示―一点也不,完全不‖。

  in all 总共

  all but 几乎,差点没(=almost,nearly)

  ①We have all but finished the work.

  ②The day turned out fine after all.

  ③Children need many things ,but above all they need love.

  ④He wasn’t at all tired.

  ⑤Do you feel ill at all(真的,确实)?

  ⑥There were twenty in all at the party.

  accident/event/ incident

  event一般指重大事件。accident多指意外或偶然发生的事故,特别是不幸的、有损害性的事故。incident相对于accident来说,显得不很重要,指―小事件‖,它还可以用来表示―事变‖,如叛乱、爆炸等。

  如:

  The broadcaster is broadcasting the news on current events.广播员正在播报时事新闻。

  He was badly injured in the traffic accident.在那起交通事故中,他严重受伤。

  There was an incident on the bus: a man fought with the conductor.那辆公共汽车上发生了一件事,

  有个人和售票员打了起来。

  Have you heard of Xi’an Incident?你听说过―西安事变‖吗?

  admit vt.①接纳,许可……进入(allow sb./sth.to enter)

  He was admitted to the school this year.Only two hundred boys and girls are admitted to our school

  every year.

  ②承认,后可接名词,doing、从句或复合结构。

  I admit my fault.She admitted having read the letter.He admitted that his comprehension was

  weak.You must admit the task to be difficult.

  advice建议;劝告。是不可数名词,―一条建议‖应用a piece of advice。常用结构。

  give sb.advice(on)/give advice给某人提(关于……的)建议;忠告某人。

  ask(sb.)for advice征求(某人的)意见。

  ①Marx gave us some good advice on how to learn a foreign language.关于如何学好外语,马克思

  给我们提了些好建议。

  ②If you take /follow my advice,you’ll pass the exam.如果你听从我的建议,你会考试及格的。

  ③Let’s ask our teacher for some advice.咱们征求一下老师的意见吧。

  admire(= respect / praise)vt.羡慕,钦佩,夸奖

  admire sb.(for sth.)佩服某人某事

  Visitors to Beijing greatly admire our Palace Museum.

  去北京的游人极其羡慕我们的故宫。

  I admire him for his wisdom.我佩服他的智慧。

  别忘了夸奖孩子。

  对比:envy(= jealous)vt.嫉妨,羡慕

  envy sb.(sth.)嫉妒/羡慕某人某事

  We all envy you your good future.

  我们都很羡慕你的好运。

  advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事(suggest不这样用)。

  ①I advise you to take the chance.我建议你抓住机会。

  ②—What do you advise me to do?你建议我怎么办?

  —I advise you not to lose heart; just keep on.我劝你不要灰心,继续干。

  advise 还可同suggest一样,后接名词、代词、动名词(短语)和that从句(用虚拟语气)作宾语。

  ①—What would you advise?你有什么建议吗?

  —I advise you an early start我建议你早点出发。

  ②I advise holding a metting to discuss the problem.我建议召开一次会议来讨论这个问题。

  ③I advise you (should) go to once.我建议你马上去。

  advise ,persuade

  persuade sb. to do sth.意为―说服某人做某事‖,强调劝说成功,说服;advise sb. to do sth. 意为―劝

  说某人做某事‖,不涉及劝说是否有效,相当于try to persuade sb. to do sth.。如:

  The doctor persuaded my father to give up smoking.医生说服我爸爸戒了烟。

  The doctor advised my father to give up smoking, but failed.

  医生劝我爸爸戒烟,但没成功。

  advise; suggest

  advise 与suggest 都可作―建议‖讲,二者用法有同有异。

  (1)相同点

  表示建议做某事,advise与suggest都可采用下列三种句型:

  ① + 名词

  ② + 动名词

  ③ + that从句(从句中常用should加动词原形,should可以省略。)

  eg. He advised/ suggested an early start.

  He advised/ suggested (our) starting early.

  He advised/ suggested that we (should) start early.

  (注:只要是用从句表示建议该做的事,从句中就可用―should+动词原形‖,should可以省略。)上面

  的第三句可转化为:

  It was suggested that we (should) start early.

  What he suggested was that we(should) start early.

  His suggestion was that we (should) start early.

  (2)不同点

  ①advise后可以跟人称代词作宾语,而suggest后不可以跟人称代词作宾语。故可以说:

  advise sb. to do sth.; advise sb. against (doing) sth.; advise sb. on/ about sth.; suggest(to sb.)that...

  前三种结构中不可将advise改为suggest,如:

  他建议我们去参观博物馆。

  [正]He advised us to go to visit the museum.

  [误]He suggested us to go to visit the museum.

  [误]He suggested us that we go to visit the museum.

  ②suggest还有―暗示、表明、说、指出(一个事实)‖的意思。此时从句中用陈述语气,不用虚拟语

  气。如:

  The smile on his face suggested that he was pleased.

  Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the patient was seriously ill.(句中suggest陈

  述了一个事实,故用陈述语气。)比较:

  Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the Patient be

  operated on at once.(句中suggest表示建议该做某事,从句中用should加动词原形,should在从

  句中省略。)

  affect(=have an effect on sth.)vt.影响(effect n.影响)

  This may affect your health.

  这或许会影响你的健康

  My throat is always affected by bad weather.

  我的嗓子总是受恶劣天气的影响。

  afraid

  1)―be afraid of+名词‖,意为―害怕‖。

  2)―be afraid of doing sth‖意为―担心,害怕……‖。

  3)―be afraid for…‖意为―为……担心。‖

  4)―be afraid that…‖意为―担心,恐怕‖。

  5)―be afraid to do ‖意为―害怕,担心而不敢做某事‖。

  6)I’m afraid so/not.恐怕是这样/恐怕不会这样

  [应用]完成句子

  ①女孩子一般都怕蛇。

  Girls are usually______ _____snakes.

  ②他怕把杯子打碎,因而很小心。

  He was careful because he was afraid______ _____the glass.

  ③你不为自己的安全担心吗?

  Are you afraid_______your safety?

  ④恐怕她会迷路。

  I am _____ _____she will lose her way.

  ⑤汤姆把钱丢了,也不敢告诉他母亲。

  Tom lost the money and was afraid________ ______his mother.

  Key:①afraid,of ②of,breaking ③for ④afraid,that ⑤to tell

  again and again = time and time again = over and over = over and over again再三地

  The old man thinks of his happy past again and again.

  这位老人再三地想起他幸福的过去。


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