学习啦【英语文摘】 编辑：韦彦 发布时间：2016-09-12
Built 4，000 years ago, the three great pyramids at Giza, in the Egyptian desert remain the most colossal buildings over constructed.
The pyramids were built by Egyptians under the orders of the Egyptian leader, whose title was Pharaoh. There was a sequence of Pharaohs culminating around 2615 B.C., with the Pharaoh Cheops who built the biggest thing ever built, the Great Pyramid, also known as Khu fu. Cheops built a pyramid 770 feet on one side and 481 feet tall. How ancient builders managed to build these massive structures has never been fully answered but the effort clearly required brains and brown.
金字塔是埃及人在他们的领袖——名为法老——的命令下建造的。在公元，前2615年左右，几任法老相继统治埃及，基奥普斯法老建造了有史以来最大的金字塔——大金字塔，也被称为胡夫金字塔。胡夫金字塔每边长 770美尺，高 481英尺。古代的建筑者是如何建造这些庞然大物的，这一直是个未解之谜，但很明显它需要付出大量的脑力和体力。
Was there engineering genius involved? Yes, there was. For example, when you' re pulling the block right at the top, how are you going to lug a block of stone that weighs several tons 480 feet up a structure? How are you going to do it, and how are you going to do it without leaving scratches on all the rest of the structure? And how many people does it take to drag a block weighing several tons 480 feet up into the sky? Approximately, 2.3 million blocks of stone were cut, transported and assembled to create the Great Pyramid.
有工程天才的参与吗?是的，有。比如，当你要把一个石块放在顶端时，你该如何把一个几吨重的石块提升到 480英尺的高度呢?应该怎样做?怎么做才不至于在塔身留下刮痕?把几吨重的石块提举到 480英尺的高处又需要多少人力呢?为了建造大金字塔，人们切割、运输、垒砌了大约 230万块石头。
The Pharaohs may have set out to build magnificent tombs for themselves, but in the end they created monuments to human potential. There's a universal message in the pyramids. The pyramids belong to Egypt, but the pyramids also belong to the world. That' s why we can all identify the pyramids as an early monument of human greatness.
For being a man-made wonder that has survived the sands of time, the pyramids rise to the number two spot.
The longest river in the world, the Nile, flows through the north-western area of Africa, and then into the Mediterranean Sea.
Great civilizations have always flourished alongside rivers, bu t the Egyptian civilization, which started on the Nile, is the most fascinating and mysterious in the history of mankind.
The Nile valley is a fertile one where there is an abundance of water and sun, elements which the ancient Egyptian believed were gods, they called the sun Amon and the Nile Apis.
足，罗河谷拥有充足的淡水与阳光，这二者被古埃及人奉为神灵，他们尊称太阳为 AMON，称尼罗河为 APIS。
Memphis was the first great capital of Egypt, united as a single kingdom in the third millennium B.C.. But the Nile burst its banks a few centuries ago, flooding the ancient capital.
The river however has given more than it has taken, enough to make Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian say: Egypt is a gift from the Nile.
The population on the Nile has grown at a dizzying rate, giving rise to a great metropolis of the size of Cairo the second most populous city in the world.
To see the swarming crowds in the capital it would seem that the lesson of Ramese II, whose colossal stature is located near Cairo' s Central Station, is still alive in Egypt. Ramses II had more than a hundred children and in Egypt today a baby is born every 20 seconds. The population is very young and half of its 54 million inhabitants are under 20 years old.
看着熙来攘往的人群，仿佛又看到了莱比西斯二世的故事重现。他的塑像平已矗立在开罗中央车站。莱比西斯二世有一百多个孩子，而今天的埃及每 20秒就有一个新生命诞生。当地人口年轻化， 5千 4百万人口中，有一半不满 20岁。
These so I solemn slates are almost participants in modem life. You can almost find your ideas about the Nile ref1ected in their eyes.
True to their reputation as leisureloving gourmets，the French spend more time sleeping and eating than anyone else among the world's wealthy nations, according to a study published on Monday.
The average French person sleeps almost nine hours every night, more than an hour longer than the average Japanese and Korean, who sleep the least in a survey of 18 members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) .
这项由经合组织对其 18个成员开展的调查表明，普通的法国人每晚的睡眠时间达近 9个小时，比日本人和韩国人长一个多小时，日韩两国人的睡眠时间为受调查国中最短。
Despite their siesta habit, Spaniards rank only third in the poll after Americans, who sleep more than 8.5 hours.
And while more and more French people grab a bite at fast-food chains these days or wolf down a sandwich at their desk, they still spend more than two hours a day eating.
That means their meals are twice as long as those of the average Mexican, who dedicates just over an hour a day to food, the OECD's "Society at a Glance" report on work, health and leisure in Asia, Europe and North and South America found.
The Japanese, Scrimping on sleep and burdened with long commutes and working hours, still manage to spend close to two hours a day eating and drinking, placing them third behind New Zealanders.
Despite the moderate amount of time Americans spend eating each day -about an hour and a quarter -U.S obesity rates are the highest in the 30 members of OECD.
美国人每天花在吃饭上的时间较为适中，约为1小时 15 分钟，但美国的肥胖率在经合组织的 30个成员国中最高。
The Japanese like to spend what remains of their scarce free time watching television or listening to the radio. This takes up 47 percent of leisure time in Japan.
Turks, on the other hand, spend more than a third of their leisure time entertaining friends.
Norwegians spend the most time at leisure, just over a quarter of their day, while at the low end, Mexicans spend just 16 percent of their time having fun.
The OECD has 30 members. The survey covers only the countries for which appropriate figures were available.