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英语科技文章

学习啦【英语文摘】 编辑:韦彦 发布时间:2016-08-29

  随着新技术革命的发展,科技进步和技术创新已经成为当今世界经济发展的主旋律,创新在国家经济中的主导作用越来越明显,并成为企业生存和发展的关键。下面是学习啦小编带来的英语科技文章,欢迎阅读!

  英语科技文章1

  The Birth of the First Computer

  中国第一台计算机的诞生

  In the mid-50th century, though the Chinese computing technology was only one or two years later than Japan, after all, but it has been a decade later from the emergence of world's first computer. The unanimous opinion is to learn and master the Soviet Union's technology first, on this basis, according to China's specific conditions, to carry out their own research, that is, "innovation ofter imitation, imitation for innovation. "

  上个世纪50年代中期,中国的计算技术虽然只比日本晚一两年,但毕竟距世界上第一台电子计算机的出现已经晚了十年。大家一致的意见是:先学习掌握苏联已有的技术,在此基础上,再根据我国的具体条件,开展自己的研究工作,即“先仿制后创新,仿制为了创新”。

  In September 1956, China sent a delegation of computing technology to the Soviet Union. Min Naida is the head, deputy head Wang Zheng, fifteen members including Wu Jikang, Fan Xinbi, Xia Peisu, and so on. The former Soviet Union reception unit is the Soviet Academy of Sciences, Preasion Machinery and Computing Technology Institute . In two months, computing technology research, production and education of Moscow, Leningrad were studied respectively, with an emphasis on the M-20 computer.

  1956年9月,我国派出赴苏计算机技术考察团。团长闵乃大,副团长王正,团员有吴几康、范新弼、夏培肃等15人。前苏联方面的接待单位是苏联科学院精密机械与计算技术研究所。在两个多月的时间里,考察团分别对莫斯科、列宁格勒两地的计算技术的科研、生产与教育进行了考察,并重点对M-20计算机进行了学习。

  In April 1957, by the government, China ordered a M-3 computer and B3CM computer drawings information. On the basis of study and drawings information, the development work started. Led by Zhang Zichang and Mo Gensheng, M-3 ( code 103) Computer Engineering Group was organized. Through the efforts of all staff, in close collaboration with Beijing cable plant, China's first digital computer successfully developed on August l,1958. This tube computer with computing speed of 30 times per second filled in our modern electronic computer blank.

  1957年4月,我国政府订购了M-3计算机和E3CM计算机图纸资料。在考察和取得图纸资料的基础上,研制工作开始了。以张梓昌、莫根生为首,组织了M-3(代号103)计算机工程组。通过全体研制人员的努力和北京有线电厂的密切配合,于1958年8月1日研制成功了我国第一台数字电子计算机。这台运算速度为每秒30次的电子管计算机,填补了我国现代电子计算机的空白。

  英语科技文章2

  在家办公工作时间更长

  When I say “telecommuting,” do you picture yourself easing into the workday in a pair of fuzzy slippers? Well, so does your boss. But the reality is, you're both dreaming. Because a new study shows that folks who work at home at least some of the time put in more hours than those who stay at the office. That's according to work published in the journal Monthly Labor Review.

  当我说“远程办公”时,你可能会想象自己穿着一双毛拖鞋,轻松度过每个工作日。其实你的老板也是这样想的。但事实上,你们都在做梦。因为一项新的研究显示,有时候在家办公的员工比在办公室工作的同事投入更长的时间。这项研究发表在《劳工审查月刊》上。

  Telecommuting for a portion of the workweek certain has its appeal. Avoiding the time and cost involved in commuting and presumably having a more flexible schedule and a better work-life balance are all potential pluses. But are employees really able to take advantage of such work-at-home perks?

  工作日里,部分时间在家办公确实很诱惑人。在家办公能够节省时间和交通费用,在日程安排上更加灵活,还可以营造一个更好的工作、生活平衡点,这些都是潜在的好处。然而,员工真的能够好好利用在家上班的福利吗?

  Researchers took advantage of labor information from census bureau surveys and were surprised by what they found. First off, the proportion of people who work remotely remained unchanged from the mid-'90s to the mid-2000s the most recent data available. Second, those who do telecommute are more likely to work overtime, an additional 5 to 7 hours on top of the standard 40.

  研究人员利用人口普查局的劳动力信息进行调查,调查结果却令人惊讶。首先,自1990年代中期至2000年代中期,远程办公的人数基本保持不变。其次,远程办公的员工加班的可能性更大,比标准的40小时多出5至7个小时。

  Which means that people who work from the comfort of home are not slackers in slippers. They're more likely tech-savvy self-starters—who don't know when to stop.

  这意味着在家穿着拖鞋、舒服办公的人并不是偷懒的人。他们多为精于技术、积极得不知道何时停止的员工。

  英语科技文章3

  无人驾驶汽车

  Driverless cars

  In the self-driving seat

  Google is miles ahead of its rivals in the race for autonomous motoring

  Not quite as glamorous as “Knight Rider”

  TO GOOGLE is now in broad usage as a verb for retrieving information from the internet. If the tech giant has its way, “I Googled” will become a standard reply to the question, “How did you get here?” On May 28th Google said it would build 100 prototype driverless cars devoid of pedals, steering wheel or controls save an on/off switch. It is the next stage in its apparent quest to be as ubiquitous on the road as on computer screens.

  People have dreamed about driverless motoring since at least the 1930s, but only in recent years have carmakers such as Mercedes-Benz and Volvo given the matter more thought, kitting out test cars with the sensors and sophisticated software required to negotiate busy roads. Google has roared ahead by designing a driverless car from the ground up.

  But bringing autonomous motoring to the world is proving harder than Google had envisaged. It once promised it by 2017. Now it does not see production models coming out before 2020. The technology is far advanced, but needs shrinking in size and cost—Google's current test cars, retrofittedToyotaand Lexus models, are said to be packed with $80,000-worth of equipment.

  Google's latest efforts may have as much to do with convincing the public and lawmakers as refining the technology. The firm stresses the safety advantages of computers being more likely than humans to avoid accidents. The cars will have a top speed of just 25mph and a front end made of soft foam to cushion unwary pedestrians. The benefits could indeed be huge. Driving time could be given over to working, snoozing or browsing the web. Rather than suffer all the costs of owning a car, some people may prefer to summon a rented one on their smartphones whenever they need it. However, the issue of liability in the event of a driverless car crashing has yet to be resolved.

  Turning cars into commodities may not be good news for traditional carmakers. But reinventing motoring as a service fits neatly with Google's plans to become as big in hardware as in software. And unlike car firms, which talk vaguely of becoming “mobility providers”, Google has pots of cash to make that a reality and no worries about disrupting its current business. Google admits it still has “lots of work to do”. But one day Googling to the shops may be a common activity.

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