学习啦【英语文摘】 韦彦时间:2016-09-12 09:31:10我要投稿




  American Cook美式烹饪

  At a local superrnarket, two women push half-lilled grocery cart. The ladies are good friends, but they couldn't be more different. One is a stay-at-home housewife who loves to create culinary masterpieces from scratch. The other is a training supervisor at a prestigious advertising agency. Household chores particularly those in the kitchen, are not her idea of fun. The two ladies stop for a moment in the frozen foods section. "I'm so tired," sighs the professional woman. "I don't know what to do about supper. Her friend suggests, "What about a microwave dinner?" The weary professional sighs,I don't feel like cooking tonight. "


  If you think American cooking means opening a package and tossing the eontents into the mierowave, think again. On the one hand, it's bue that Americans thrive on cold cereal for breakfast, sandwiches for lunch and instant dinners From busy homemakers to professional people, many Americans enjoy the conve-nience of prepackaged meals that can be ready to serve in 10 minutes or less. On the other hand, many Americans recognize the value of cooking skills. Parents -especially moLhers -see Lhe impor-Lance of training their children -especially daughters- in the culinary arls. Most Americans will admit that Lhere's nothing better than a good home-cooked meal. But with cooking, as wiLh any other skill, good results don't happen by accident.

  假如您以为美式烹饪就是打开一个料理金而将里头的东西放进微波炉加热,那你得改变想法了。从某一方面来说,美国人以早餐的冷麦片,午餐的三明治及快餐晚餐而发育健壮,这倒是真的。从忙碌的家庭主妇到上班族,许多美国人喜欢享受事先包装好的便餐所带来的方便,这些速餐在不到 10分钟内就可上桌。从另一个角度来看,许多美国人都认同厨艺的价值。父母亲——特别是妈妈看到训练孩子,尤其是女儿,烹饪艺术的重要性。大多数的美国人都承认没有什么比得上一顿自家傲的餐点。而谈到烹饪,一如其它的技巧,好的成果并非偶然天成的。

  For those who need guidance in their woking,or for those who have just run out of ideas, recipes are lifesavers. Recipes list all the ingredients for a dish (generally in the order used), the amount of each to use, and a description of how to put them together. Finding recipes in America is as easy as pie. Most good cooks have a shelf full of eookbooks ranging from loeally published recipe colleetions to national beslsellers like the Betty Croeker cookbook. Magazines devoted to home management, such as Good Housekeeping and Family Circle , are chock-full of scrumptious selections. Friends often augment their recipe collection by passing around their favorites written on eards.


  For experieneed eooks, true arlists thal they are, recipes are merely reference points. They often make adjustments as they go along, depending on the quantity of people they need to serve,the ingredients they have available and their personal taste. Some cooks use recipes very little, preferring inslead to depend on their inluiliun as they add a pinch of this and a dash of that to creale just the righl fla vors.


  Of course, Americans don't have a corner on the market when it comes to good cooking. Wherever you go in the world, people love to eat. As a result, every culture and nationality has its own share of mouth-watering delicacies. And America, as a "land of immigrants," has imported practically all varieties of cooking. Most good cooks in America are "fluent" in severcooking "dialecls": Mexican, Italian, Chinese and old good American style, just to name a few. But whatever the dialect, cooking is a language everyone understands.



  Vennus de Milos永远的维纳斯

  The Aphrodite of Melos is made of marble and represents vividly the goddess A phrodite. This statue had eamed it's name the Venus de Milo or Venus de Melos, because in 1820, a peasant had found it on the Greek island of Melos and it was named after the island where it was found.

  "米洛的阿芙洛狄特"是由大理石和l成的,惟妙惟肖地刻画了女神阿芙;各狄特。在 1820年,一位农民在希腊的米洛岛上发现了这尊雕像,此后它就以这个岛而得名,被称为"米洛的维纳斯"。

  The statue shows Aphrodite seminude and with a robe wrapped around her legs. For hundreds of years the statue had remained buried in an underground cavern. On accounl of this, the statue had suffered signilicant damage and it was found in two parts. Later it was replaced together and sent to France, because the Marquis de Riyiere had brought the statue and had given it to Louis XVIII of France. Pieces of anns and a perleslal with an inscription, were also found in the cave, but these were later lost and never found again.


  No one knows who created the statue of the Aphrodite of Melos. It is probably the work of the Greek artist Alexandros of Antioch. This name was inscribed on the block of stone on the pedestal that was later lost, but this is doubted from scholars because it may not have been the corrected block with the Venus de Milo, so this had erased the attribution to Alexandros. Some scholars had attributed the work of the statue to Praxiteles. It is said that it was sculpted around the second century B.C.

  没有人知道谁创作了腺像"米;各的维纳斯"。它可能是希腊月住刻家,安屈克亚的亚历山德罗斯的作品。因为在那块后来丢失的腺像底座上刻着这个名字,但是学者们对此表示怀疑,因为这可能不是真正的"米洛的维纳斯"的底座,这就使亚历山德罗斯是否是雕像的作者产生置疑。一些学者认为这尊雕像是普拉克西特利斯的作品。它据说是作于公元前 2世纪左右。


  Babylon Hanging Garden巴比伦空间中花园

  The Babylonian kingdom flourished under the rule of the famous King, Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC). It was not until the reign of the Neo-Babylonian dynasty that the Mesopotamian civilization reached its ultimate glory. Nebuchadnezzar II (604 -562 BC) is credited for building the legendary Hanging Gardens. It is said that the Gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar to please his wife or concubine who had been "brought up in Media and had a passion for mountain surroundings".

  古巴比伦王国在著名的国王汉误拉比(公元前1792-1750)的统治下曾经繁荣一时。但是直到新巴比伦王朝,美索不达米亚文明才达到了它的鼎盛时期。人们相信传说中的空中花园是由尼布甲尼撒二世(公元前 604年-562年)建造的。据传,尼布甲尼撒为了取悦于其在米底亚长大并对山景怀有深厚感情的王后或者是妃子而建造了空中花园。

  While the most descriptive accounts of the Gardens come from Greek historians such as Berossus and Diodorus Siculus, Babylonian records stay silent on the matter. Tablets from the time of Nebuchadnezzar do not have a single reference to the Hanging Gardens, although descriptions of his palace, the city of Babylon, and the walls are found. Even the historians who give detailed descriptions of the Hanging Gardens never saw them. Modern historians argue that when Alexander's soldiers reached the fertile land of Mesopotamia and saw Babylon, they were impressed. When they later returned to their rugged. homeland, they had stories to tell about the amazing gardens and palm trees at Mesopotamia... About the palace of Nebuchadnezzar... About the Tower of Babel and the ziggurats. And it was the imagination of poets and ancient historians that blended all these elements together to produce one of the World Wonders.

  虽然对花园最详尽的记述走出自 Berossus和 Diodorus Siculus等希腊历史学家笔下,但巴比伦的历史记录却对此事 只字未提。尽管在尼布甲足,撒时期存留下的各种书写板上发现了对他的宫殿、巴比伦城以及巴比伦的城墙的种种描述,但这些书写板上却没有一处捉到过空中花园。甚至那些对空中花园进行过详细描述的历史学家们也从没有亲眼目睹过它们。现代历史学家争论说:当亚力山大的士兵们到达了富饶的美索不达米亚地区并看到了巴比伦时,他们深为(眼前的美景)所震撼。当他们后来回到崎岖不平的家乡时,带回了有关美索不达米亚的令人惊叹的花园和椰子树…有关尼布甲尼撒的宫殿…以及有关巳别塔和金字型神塔的各种故事。是诗人和古代历史学家的想象力把这所有的元素混合在一起制造出了世界奇观之一。

  It wasn't until the twentieth century that some of the mysteries surrounding the Hanging Gardens were revealed. Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the Gardens, their irrigation system, and their true appearance.


Copyright @ 2006 - 2018 学习啦 All Rights Reserved

学习啦 版权所有 粤ICP备15032933号-1

学习啦 学习啦